History of Indian Science and Technology

By Prof. Madhav Govind   |   UGC-HRDC, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi.

This course is equivalent to one refresher course in Interdisciplinary area.The objective of this course is to provide an exposure to the development of Science and Technology in India, and is primarily meant for teachers and research scholars in various universities and colleges. Science and technology have been the part of every civilization, and people belonging to all the sections of society have contributed to the advancement of different branches of science and technology all through the ages.

Till recent times, the history of science and technology has been primarily eurocentric in nature, attributing most of the development of science and technology to Greece and Rome in the ancient period, and Europe in the medieval and modern periods, which were then transmitted to the rest of the world. This course will highlight important concepts in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, etc., that originated and developed in India. In the study of Indian science and technology, the often neglected role and contributions of local people, craftsmen, artisans,farmers, forest dwellers in the development of sustainable and locally adaptable technologies and traditional scientific knowledge will also be highlighted

This course will impart authentic knowledge of India’s scientific and technological traditions and will show through case studies how some of them are still relevant in today’s world. It would also try to provide an understanding of the socio-cultural and philosophical context in which the various scientific and technological ideas got developed in India and thereby help in repositioning India’s contributions in science and technology.

The course comprises of 40 modules, with lectures of about thirty minutes devoted to each module. The overall structure of the course are given in the outlay of course.

Learners enrolled: 979


Course Status : Completed
Course Type :
Duration : 16 weeks
Start Date : 01 Dec 2019
End Date : 31 Jan 2020
Exam Date :
Category :
  • Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT)
  • Level : None
    This is an AICTE approved FDP course

    Share this course with your friends and family


    Overall structure

      Introduction – 4 modules

      Astronomy and Mathematics – 12 modules

      Ayurveda – 10 modules

      Technology – 14 modules

    1.         Introduction

    1.1    Logic and methodology of Indian sciences

    1.2    An overview of Indian contributions to sciences

    1.3    An overview of Indian contributions to technology

    2.         Astronomy

    2.1    Development of astronomy in India

    2.2    Pancanga: Indian calendrical computations

    2.3    The distinct features of Indian planetary models

    2.4    Computation of eclipses: Its simplicity, elegance and efficiency

    2.5    Observational astronomy in India

    3.         Mathematics

    3.1    An overview of the development of mathematics in India

    3.2   Mathematics contained in Sulbasutras

    3.3   Combinatorial aspects of the Chandassastra

    3.4   Solutions to the first and second order indeterminate equations

    3.5   Weaving mathematics into beautiful poetry: Bhaskaracarya

    3.6   The evolution of sine function in India

    3.7   The discovery of calculus by Kerala astronomers

    4.         Ayurveda

    4.1   History of Ayurveda

    4.2   Rational foundations of Ayurveda

    4.3   Textual sources in Ayurveda

    4.4   Ayurveda and allied disciplines

    4.5   Approach to health and disease in Ayurveda 2 lectures

    4.6   Approach to diet and nutrition in Ayurveda

    4.7   Ayurveda and modern medicine

    4.8   Ayurveda and Yoga

    5.          Technological development in India  

           5.1 Agriculture

    ·  Origin and development

    · Ancient crops

    ·  Traditional practices

         5.2 Water management>

    ·  Overview

    ·  Harappan water management

    ·  Other case studies

    ·  Medieval Water structures

          5.3 Pottery

    ·  Overview

    ·  Technical aspects

           5.4  Silpasastra: Architecture and Construction

    ·  An introduction to Silpasastra

    ·  Construction Technology

          5.5 Metallurgy

    ·  Copper/Bronze/Zinc

    ·  Iron and Steel Technology in India




    Prof. Madhav Govind

    UGC-HRDC, Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi.

    Dr. Madhav Govind is a Professor and chairperson of Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University. He is also the director of UGC-HRDC, JNU and coordinator of National Resource Centre for conducting ARPIT course.  He is actively involved for the last 20 years in teaching, research, research guidance, academic development programme, curriculum design, sponsored and collaborative   research at national and international level.

    His major areas of interest are: Sociology of science and technology, indigenous knowledge and modern science; Philosophical and methodological issues in science and social sciences; Globalization of higher education and research; Environmental  issues and waste management..

    He has numerous publications in his area of interest in national and international journals and books. He is the life member of Indian Sociological Society and   the national convener of Research Committee (13) on “Science, Technology and Society”.He has been invited to deliver lectures at many institutions in India and abroad.