General Microbiology

By Dr. Laitonjam Ishwori   |   S. Kula Women’s College, Nambol, Manipur
Learners enrolled: 2060
Microbiology is the study of a diverse group of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. They are generally too small to be seen without the use of microscope and hence these life forms are called the microorganisms or the microbes. They are almost everywhere and affect almost all aspects of our lives. This is a general microbiology course that is intended for students to impart the knowledge of microbial life. The course structure is based on presenting the fundamentals of microbiology i.e. the biology of bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa, their classification, bacterial genetics, mode of replication, bacterial photosynthesis, bacterial fermentation, microbial food spoilage and various methods of food preservation. The students will also be introduced to the microbial pathogenesis of various infectious agents that cause diseases in humans and prevention of the infection, host resistance and immunity etc.

Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Biological Sciences & Bioengineering
Credit Points : 4
Level : Undergraduate
Start Date : 15 Jul 2019
End Date : 05 Oct 2019
Exam Date :

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Course layout

Week 1:   Microbiology: Introduction, Microscopy, Cells, Prokaryotic and  Eukaryotic cells
Week 2: Structural organization of nucleic acids, Nucleic acid as genetic information carrier, Semiconservative replication of prokaryotes, Classification of microorganisms-I
Week 3: Classification of microorganisms-II, Gram positive bacteria,  
Gram negative bacteria, Yeast
Week 4: Virus – Introduction, Virus- host interaction, Lytic cycle of viruses, Lysogenic cycle of viruses
Week 5: Control of microorganism, Stains and staining techniques, Nutritional requirements and growth media, Bacterialfermentation I & II
Week 6: Bacterial photosynthesis, Bacterial genetics: genetic elements, Sex  types, conjugation and protoplast fusion, Bacterial genetics II, Restriction endonucleases and cloning vectors
Week 7: Application of recombinant DNA technology, introduction to immune system, Organs of immune system, Cells of immune  system
Week 8: Antigen presenting cells - macrophages and dendritic cells, Antigens and immunogens, Structure of immunoglobulins, Antigen antibody interactions
Week 9: Autoimmune diseases, Vaccine, Microbial pathogenesis and diseases, Food spoilage and preservation I, 
Week 10: Food spoilage and preservation II, Preparation of plasma from blood and differential staining of WBC, Preparation of various media for bacterial growth and culture of bacteria, Gram staining and measurement of bacterial growth by turbidity method
Week 11: Discussion/Interaction
Week 12: Discussion/Interaction

Books and references

Pelczar, M.J., Chan, E.C.S. and Krieg, N.R. 1998. Microbiology. Tata, McGraw-Hill.
Prescott, L.M., Harley, J.P. and Klein, D.A. 1999. Microbiology. 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Schlegel, H.G. 2006. General Microbiology. 7th edition, Cambridge University Press.
Slonczewski, J.L. and Foster, J.W. 2009. Microbiology: An evolving Science. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data.


Instructor bio

Dr. Laitonjam Ishwori is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biotechnology, S. Kula Women's College, affiliated to Manipur University, India. She has completed M. Phil in the year 2008 and received PhD from Assam University, Silchar, Assam, India in the year 2017 under Faculty Improvement Programme of UGC. She has 12 years of teaching experience. She has completed two (2) Minor Research Project under UGC. At present she is working on Antimicrobial activity of indigenous medicinal plants.

Course certificate

30% for in course Assessment & 70% of end-term Proctored Exam

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