Curriculum, Adaptation & Teaching Strategies for Visual Impaired

By Mrs. R.Vaijayanthi   |   Avianshilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore-641043
Curriculum is an important element of education. For students with vision impairments, experiences and concepts casually and incidentally learned by sighted students may need to be systematically and sequentially taught to students with vision impairments. Indeed students with vision impairments may need instruction in a variety of specific skills - identified as the expanded core curriculum. The curriculum should be balanced with due consideration given to the children's intellectual, personal, emotional and social developments. To teach visually impaired children, the teacher should adopt a consistent, realistic and flexible approach in curriculum planning and implementation.  The expanded core curriculum (ECC) makes a dramatic difference on how prepared students are for their next environment.

Learners enrolled: 682


Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 8 weeks
Start Date : 25 Jul 2019
End Date : 17 Sep 2019
Exam Date : 09 Nov 2019
Enrollment Ends : 10 Sep 2019
Category :
  • Education
  • Level : Undergraduate

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    Week – I 

    1.Concept, Meaning and Need for Curriculum
    2.Curricular Approaches in Special Education-Developmental, Functional.  Eclectic and Universal for learning Approach
    3.Types of Curriculum - Need Based, Knowledge Based, Activity Based, Skill Based and Hidden Curriculum

    Week – II  

    4. Curriculum Planning, Implementation and Evaluation – Role of Special Teachers of the Visually Impaired
    5. Core Curriculum and Expanded Core Curriculum 
    6. Learning Media Assessment 

    Week – III

    7. Braille Reading Readiness
    8. Techniques of Teaching Braille
    9. Techniques of Teaching Print to Children with Low Vision 
    Week – IV

    10. Braille aids and devices, optical devices for print reading and writing
    11. Independent living skills - Meaning, Importance, components
    12. Daily living skills - assessment of needs and techniques of teaching age appropriate daily skills

    Week – V

    13. Sensory efficiency - Importance and procedures for training auditory, tactile kinesthetic senses and residual vision
    14. Techniques of teaching social interaction skills, leisure and recreation skills and self -determination
    15. Curriculum adaptation-Need, Importance and Process

    Week – VI  

    16. Reasonable Accommodation - Need and Planning
    17. Planning of Lessons for Teaching Expanded core Curriculum - Individualized Education Program Writing
    18. Pedagogic Strategic-Cooperative Learning, Peer tutoring, Reflective teaching and Multisensory teaching

    Week – VII  

    19. Preparation of Teaching Learning Material for Expanded Core Curriculum – Adaptation on the Strategies for Teaching
    Expanded Core Curriculum, Reading Readiness Kit, Flash cards, Sensory Kits, Mobility Maps
    20. Curricular activities - Meaning and Need for Adaptation
    21. Adaptation of physical education activities and yoga

    Week – VIII

    22. Adaptation of Games and Sports - Both Indoor and Outdoor
    23. Creative Arts for the children with visual impairment
    24. Agencies for sports - VI


    1. Rajput, J.S., Dimensions of Curriculum change, New Delhi, NCERT, 2002.
    2. Sterhouse, L., An introduction to curriculum research & development, London, Heinemann, 1975.
    3. Taba, H., Curriculum Development Theory and Practice, Newyork, NY: Harcourt Bcace and World, 1962.
    4. Holbrook, M.C. and Koenig, A.J. ed (2000), Foundations of Education, Vol. II, Instructional Strategies for teaching children and youths with visual impairments, New York.
    5. Sacks, S.Z. and Silberman, R.K. (1998), Educating students who have visual impairments and other disabilities, Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. Battinore, MD.
    6. Smith, M. and Levack, N. Teaching students with visual and multiple impairments: A resource guide, 2nd Ed, Austin, BBVI.
    7. Agarwal,D., (2007). Curriculum development; Concept, methods and techniques. Jaipur: Book Enclave.
    8. Chandra, A., (2006). Basic curriculum theory: Research and reform. Jaipur: Book Enclave.
    9. Sharma, R.C.,(2006). Modern methods in curriculum organization. Jaipur: Book Enclave.


    Mrs. R.Vaijayanthi
    Assistant Professor (SG)
    Department of Special Education
    Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women
    Coimbatore - 641043

    Mrs R.Vaijayanthi is working as an Assistant Professor of IEVH(SG) in the Department of Education, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women Coimbatore -43.Her specialization is Biological Science Education and Special Education(Visual Impairment). She has 18 years of teaching experience in the field of education and special education and completed 3 UGC Projects and currently handling an ERIC FUNDED Project. She has Participated, Published articles  and Organised various workshops, seminars at National and International levels. She has authored few books and acted as resource persons for seminars and workshops.


    30% for in course Assessment & 70% of end term Proctored Exam