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Psychology for Health and Well Being

By Dr. Yasir Hamid   |   University of Kashmir
Learners enrolled: 2193
The course “Psychology for Health and Well-being” is a generic elective course in B.A. Psychology under the Choice Based Credit System. Over the years, there is an increasing emphasis on mental health since the evolution of the mental hygiene movement in mid-19th century. This "mental hygiene" movement has led to the diverse approaches on mental health promotion. Whilst most of the work in mental health geared towards mental illness, service and care, this movement focused on promotion of mental health. Gradually the understanding that mental health is just more than the absence of mental illness resulted in the development of diverse models and perspectives on mental health, well-being and illness. Thus it is crucial for the learners to understand the well-being paradigm and develop a perspective in order to understand the increasing vulnerability in a changing context. This course enables the learner to explore the concept of mental health and to distinguish the same from mental illness and appreciate the significance of mental health promotion.
Summary
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 4 weeks
Start Date : 22 Jul 2019
End Date : 17 Aug 2019
Exam Date :
Category :
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate

Page Visits



Course layout

WEEK TITLE OF LECTURE/MODULE LEARNING OBJECTIVES CONTENTS DURATION GRADED ASSESSMENT

UNIT I: MODELS OF HEALTH AND ILLNESS

WEEK-1

DAY-1: Health and well-being

• To elucidate the concept of health.
• To elaborate various dimensions of health.
• To understand the notion of well-being.
• To discuss the various facets of well-being.
• To explore the relation between health and well-being.

WEEK-1

DAY-2: Introduction to Bio-medical model and its assumptions

• Understanding history of bio medical model. 
• Understanding philosophical and theoretical foundations and perspectives.
• Understanding germ theory.
• Understanding bio medical model.
• Understanding principles of bio medical model.
• Understanding characteristics of biomedical model.
• Understanding assumptions of bio medical model.
• Understanding advantages and disadvantages of bio medical model.

WEEK-1

DAY-3: Introduction to Bio-Psychosocial model and its assumptions

• Understanding the historical background of Biopsychosocial model
• To get familiar with the major premises of bio-medical model.
• Understanding the role of biological, social and psychological factors in the health and illness.

WEEK-1

DAY-4: Advantages and disadvantages of Bio psychosocial model, Biomedical model v/s Bio-Psychosocial model

• Introduction of biomedical model
• Introduction of biopsychosocial model
• Principles of Biomedical model
• Principles of biopsychosocial model
• Advantages of Bio-psychosocial Model

WEEK-1

DAY-5: Concept of holistic health, its principles and importance

• Understanding the concept of holism and holistic health approach.
• Understanding the concept and benefits of holistic care.
• Understanding the misconceptions about holistic health approach.
• Understanding the application of a true holistic approach to our wellbeing.
• Understanding how holistic health is practiced.
• Understanding the basic principles of holistic health.
• Understanding the aims of holistic health practice.
• Understanding the principles of holistic medicine.
• Understanding the principles of holistic practitioners.
• Understanding the importance of holistic health approach.

Assignments


UNIT II: STRESS AND COPING

WEEK-2

DAY-1: Nature and concept of stress

• Understanding Meaning and definitions of stress
• Understanding fight or flight response
• Understanding types of stress
• Understanding meaning of stressors
• Understanding types of stressors
• Understanding symptoms of stress
• Understanding effects of stress
• Understanding different models of stress

WEEK-2

DAY-2: Sources of stress and how does stress cause illness

• Understand the concept of stress
• Gain knowledge about various sources of stress
• Delineate between external and internal sources of stress
• Learn about different categories of external stressors
• Differentiate between continuous and discrete stressors
• Learn about the effects of these stressors on health and wellbeing
• Learn about the diversity of stressors and their health consequences
• Understand the relation between stress and illness from different perspectives
• Learn about the physiological mechanisms related to continuous exposure of stress
• Learn about the stress related damages to neurological and other physiological aspects of the body
• Learn about the association between stress related physiological mechanisms and different illnesses. 

WEEK-2

DAY-3: Chronic process and Acute process

• The Concept of Acute Stress and its Treatment
• The concept of chronic stress 
• Health and safety risks of chronic stress, 
• Forms and Treatment of chronic stress
• Coping with Acute and Chronic stress

WEEK-2

DAY-4: Effect of stress on mental health

• Be able to define stress 
• Be able to understand the factors which mediate stress, like social support, psychosocial resources and coping styles.
• Be able to understand the concept of allostatic load and basic components of immune system.
• Be able to understand the theories of the stress-illness link.
• Be able to understand the role of stress in mental disorders.

WEEK-2

DAY-5: Concept of coping, Ways of coping and stress management

• Understanding the concept of stress
• To have an understanding of ways of coping with stress
• To get a basic knowledge about stress management
• To get familiar with various techniques of stress management
• To get familiar with the stress management program



Assignments


UNIT III: HEALTH MANAGEMENT 

WEEK-3

DAY-1: Health enhancing behaviors: Exercise and Weight control: Health protective behaviors and illness management

• Understanding the concept of health behaviours.
• Understanding the dimensions of health behaviours.
• Understanding the concept of exercise and weight control as health enhancing and protective behaviours.
• Understanding the application and importance of these health enhancing behaviours.
• Understanding the concept of illness management.
• Understanding the effectiveness of illness management.

WEEK-3

DAY-2: Nutrition

• Understanding the Concept of Nutrition
• Understanding the Role of Nutrition 
• Understanding the Components of Nutrition
• Understanding the concept Malnutrition 

WEEK-3

DAY-3: Accident prevention

• Understanding meaning of accidents
• Understanding causes of accidents
• Understanding unsafe acts
• Understanding various types of accidents
• Understanding accident prevention
• Understanding various techniques of reducing accidents
• Understanding other preventive measures of accident prevention
• Understanding framework for Safe System of Work to prevent accidents
• Understanding different models of accident prevention
• Understanding Swiss cheese model 

WEEK-3

DAY-4: Health compromising behaviours: Alcoholism, Smoking

• Understanding history of alcoholism
• Understanding meaning of alcoholism
• Understanding stages of alcoholism
• Understanding effects of alcoholism
• Understanding history of smoking
• Understanding meaning of smoking
• Understanding effects of smoking on health

WEEK-3

DAY-5: Substance Abuse

• Introduction 
• Acute Intoxication 
• Withdrawal State 
• Dependence Syndrome 
• Causes of Substance Abuse
• Alcohol Use Disorders 
• Opioid Use Disorders
• Cannabis Use Disorder
• Cocaine Use Disorder
• Amphetamine Use Disorder
• LSD Use Disorder
• Barbiturates Use Disorder
• Benzodiazepines and other Sedative Hypnotics
• Inhalants or Volatile Solvent Use Disorder
• Phencyclidine Use Disorder
• Caffeine and Nicotine
• Signs and Symptoms of Substance Abuse
• Treatment of Substance Abuse


Assignments


UNIT IV: HUMAN STRENGTHS AND LIFE MANAGEMENT

WEEK-4

DAY-1: Classification of human strengths and virtues: Physical strengths and virtues

• Be able to understand the background and importance of classifying human strengths and virtues.
• Be able to understand the attempts at classifying human strengths and virtues.
• Be able to understand the criteria for selection of human strengths and methods for identifying them in “Values in Action” classification of human strengths.
• Be able to understand different human strengths.
• Be able to appreciate the relationship between physical fitness and mental health.
• Be able to understand a relationship between character strengths and physical fitness/virtues.

WEEK-4

DAY-2: Mental strengths and virtues, Hope, Optimism

• Introduction
• Virtue of Wisdom and Knowledge
• Virtue of Courage
• Virtue of Humanity
• Virtue of Justice
• Virtue of Temperance
• Virtue of Transcendence
• Hope 
• Hope as a cognitive style 
• Hope as a Positive Emotion.
• Hope as a Character Strength
• Optimism  

WEEK-4

DAY-3: Gainful employment: Me/we balance

• Understanding the concept of gainful employment.
• Understanding the components of gainful employment.
• Understanding the theoretical approaches and applications of gainful employment.
• Understanding the new emphasis on gainful employment in India.
• Understanding the concept of Me/We balance.
• Understanding the concept of individualism and collectivism

WEEK-4

DAY-4: Resilience

• Know the concept of resilience
• Identify the pathways to resilience
• Understand the models of resilience
• Know about the main concepts in resilience research
• Identify the sources of resilience

WEEK-4

DAY-5: Meditation and Self-introspection

• Understanding History of meditation.
• Understanding Meaning and definitions of Meditation
• Understanding Types of meditation.
• Understanding History of self-introspection
• Understanding Meaning and definitions of Self-introspection.


Assignments


Books and references

Balog, J. E. (1978). An historical review and philosophical analysis of alternative concepts of health and their relationship to health education (Unpublished dissertation).Maryland: University of Maryland.
Bauer, W. W. & Schaller, W. E. (1955). Your HealthToday. NY: Harper and Row. 2nd Edition.
Boruchovitch, E. (1993). Health and illness-related cognitions among Brazilian students: a cross-cultural contribution (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California).
Boruchovitch, E., &Mednick, B. R. (2002). The meaning of health and illness: some considerations for health psychology. Psico-USF, 7(2), 175-183.
Dolfman, M. L. (1973). The concept of health: an historic and analytic examination. Journal of School Health, 43(8), 491-497.
Dubos, R. (1965). Man Adapting. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dunn, H. L. (1959). High-level wellness for man and society. Am. J. Pub. Health, 49, (6), 786-792.
Engel, G. L. (1977). The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine. Science, 196(4286), 129-136.
Hahn, D. B., Payne, W. A., &Mauer, E. (1991). Focus on health. Mosby Year Book.
Hinkle, L. E. (1961). Ecologic observations of the relation of physical illness, mental illness and social environment. Psychosomatic Med., 23 (4), 289-290.
Lewis, A. (1953). Health as a social concept. BritishJournal Society , (4) 110-115.
Oberteuffer, D. (1960). School Health Education. 3rd Edition. New York: Harper and Brothers
Ojha. S, Srivastava. U.R, Joshi. S (2010). Health and Well-Being Emerging Trends: New Delhi, first edition: Global Vision publishing Co.Pvt.Ltd.
Parsons, T. (1958). Definitions of health and illness in the light of American values. In Jaco E. F. (Ed.). Patients,Physicians,and Illness. Glencoe: The Free Press.

Segre, M. &Ferraz, F. C. (1997). O conceito de saúde. Revista de SaúdePública, 31 (5) 538-42.
Simmons, S. J. (1989). Health: A concept analysis. International journal of nursing studies, 26(2), 155-161.
Snyder, C. R., Lopez, S. J., &Pedrotti, J. T. (2010). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. Sage Publications.
Williams, J. F. (1946). Personal hygiene applied. Philadelfia: W B Saunders.
World Health Organization. (1947). Chronical of WHO, 1, 1-2.

Beauchamp. T., Childress J., (1979) Principles of Biomedical Ethics. New York, Oxford University Press
Cooper, J. W. (2009). The Current Body-Soul Debate: A Case for Dualistic Holism. Southern Baptist Journal of Theology, 13, 45-46.
Grant, C., &Lapsley, H. M. (1992). The Australian Health Care System, 1991 (No. 74). School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales.
Hewett, C (2008)Auguste Comte – High Priest of Positivism.
Isajiw, W. W. (2000). Causation and Functionalism in Sociology. London; Routledge and K. Paul Ltd.
Ornstein R, Sobel D. The Healing Brain. New York: Simon & Schuster; 1987: 29.
Racher, F. E. (2007). The evolution of ethics for community practice. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 24(1), 65-76
Seedhouse, D. (2001). Health - The Foundations for Achievement (2nd edn.), John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., ISBN 0471490113, Chichester
Selye H. The Stress of Life. New York; McGraw-Hill; 1984.
Topol, E. J. (2014). Individualized medicine from prewomb to tomb. Cell, 157(1), 241-253.
Yapijakis, C. (2009). Hippocrates of Kos, the father of clinical medicine, and Asclepiades of Bithynia, the father of molecular medicine. in vivo, 23(4), 507-514.
Taylor, S.E. (2009). Health Psychology. McGraw Hill: New York.

Ogden, J (2004). Health Psychology. (3rd Edition). McGraw Hill: Berkshire.

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2011). Health Psychology. Biopsychosocial Interactions. (7th Edition). John Wiley & Sons: New Jersey.

MladenHavelka, Jasminka, Despot, Luanin and DamirLuanin. (2009). Biopsychosocial Model – The Integrated Approach to Health and Disease. Coll. Antropol. 33, 1, 303–310.

Derick T Wade and Peter W Halligan. (2017). The biopsychosocial model of illness: a model whose time has come. Clinical Rehabilitation, 31(8), 995–1004

Instructor bio

Yasir Hamid Bhat is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology in the University of Kashmir. He has completed his M.Phil and doctorate from Centre of Social Medicine & Community Health, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (India). He is interested & engaged in academic and research activities in the areas of mental health, social determinants of health & long-term illness, with a specific focus on gender based discrimination, & armed conflict. He has published several papers in both international and national journals. In addition to his academic duties, he is also serving as a Programme Officer in National Service Schme (NSS), Kashmir University. 


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