Textile Study

By Dr. A. Sarada Devi   |   The English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad
Learners enrolled: 1311
The Textile study course is designed to give a comprehensive overview of textile fibres, their production, types, characteristics, spinning into yarns, designing, formation of fabrics of different types through weaving and other methods of fabric construction, care of fabrics etc. 

It provides understanding of the following aspects:

  1. Identification of fibres
  2. Methods of yarn and Fabric construction
  3. Differentiating blends, union fabrics 
  4. Colouring and surface decoration of textiles  
  5. Use of natural dyes for environmental well being
  6. Quality aspects of textiles 
  7. Appropriate care of textiles for better performance
  8. Better consumers in selection of fabrics for various enduses
  9. Discerning counterfeit textiles
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 15 weeks
Start Date : 15 Jul 2019
End Date : 27 Oct 2019
Exam Date : 10 Nov 2019 IST
Enrollment Ends : 06 Sep 2019
Category :
  • Textile Engineering
Credit Points : 5
Level : Undergraduate

Course layout

Weeks Weekly Lecture Topics Assignments (No. & Type)*
Week 1:
1. Introduction to Textiles– classification and terminology- Part 1
2. Introduction to Textiles– classification and terminology - Part 2
3. Part 1- Cotton – history, composition, types, production and physical properties
4. Part 2 -Cotton –Chemical & Biological Properties and  Consumer preferences
                 (1 Objective)

Week 2:
1. Linen – history, composition, properties, production and uses
2. Wool – history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
3. Silk– history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
4. Rayon fibre- history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
                                                                                                                       (1 Objective)

Week 3:
1. Nylon fibre - history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
2. Polyester- history, composition, types, properties, production and uses,
        consumer preference, blends and uses
3. Acrylic fibre - history, composition, types, properties, production and uses 
4. Identification of Textile Fibres                                                                    
                                                                                                                     (1 Objective)

Week 4:
1. Methods of spinning – mechanical spinning
2. Methods of spinning -chemical spinning
3. Yarns- Part I 
4. Yarns- Part II                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                               (1 Objective)

Week 5:
1. Fabric construction methods- Part 1
2. Fabric construction methods - Part 2
3. Part 1-Introduction to fabric finishes 
4. Part 2- Mechanical Finishes                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                (1 Objective)
Week 6:   
1. Part 3 Chemical finishes
2. Special purpose finishes – Part I
3. Special purpose finishes – Part II
4. Weaving- introduction & Basics of Loom operations                                                     

                                                                                                                                               (1 Objective)
Week 7:
1. Types of looms
2. Jacquard looms- principle and functions
3. Shuttle less looms 
4. Preparation for weaving -warp preparation process,
        drafts and peg plans for various weaves
                                                                                                                                                (1 Objective)

Week 8:
1. Weaving calculations- weft consumption, loom setting – sectional and peg warping
2. Fundamental weaves
3. Complex weaves – introduction, colour and weave effects
4. Complex weaves – leno, mock leno, bed ford cord                                                            
                                                                                                                                             (1 Objective)

Week 9:
1. Complex weaves – Extra warp and weft figuring and Spot designs
2. Knitting – terminology, characteristics
3. Warp knits – principle, characteristics of warp knits and types 
4. Khadi and Cottage Industries- Fiber, Yarn, weaving and dyeing                                              
                                                                                                                                               (1 Objective)
Week 10 :
1. Types of fabrics and their selection
2. Classification of design
3. Layout in design : repeat 
4. Introduction to computer design software CAD                                                            
                                                                                                                                             (1 Objective)

Week 11:
1. Introduction to dyeing and printing - principles of dyeing;   
        related terminology; Difference  between dyeing and printing
2. Different  types of dyes and their applicability to 
        different fibres  – Natural & Synthetic - Part A
3. Different  types of dyes and their applicability to 
        different  fibres – Natural & Synthetic - Part B
4. Types of dyeing- fiber, yarn and fabric                                                                      
                                                                                                                                          (1 Objective)

Week 12:
1. Natural dyes- history, sources, environmental advantages, method of moranting and dyeing
2. Styles of dyeing – Resist, discharge
3. Hand printing – painting, stencil, block, spray
4. Machine printing – flat bed and rotary, screen, spray, flock                                             
                                                                                                                                           (1 Objective)
Week 13:
1. Advanced methods of printing –Digital printing
2. Technical textiles and Smart Textiles 
3.  Major Fabric Faults and Fabric Inspection 
4.  Water – hard and soft;
                                                                                                                                              (1 Objective)
Week 14:
1. Soaps and detergents
2. Bleaches- classification, application of  bleaches on various 
    fabrics, OBA additives
3. Starches and softeners – types and characteristics
4. Principles of laundering                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 (1 Objective)
Week 15:
1. Principles of  dry cleaning
2. Stain removal, Preservation, storage and disinfection of clothes
3. Laundering of Cellulosics, silks and woollens
4.      Laundering of synthetics and special type of fabrics
                                                                                                                                                 (1 Objective)

Books and references

  1)   Kadolph S J (2013) Textiles: Pearson New International Edition, Pearson Education Ltd, Asia
  2) Kaur, N (2011) Fashion Concepts, Comdex: Fashion Design Vol I, Dreamtech Press.
  3) Vatsala, R. 2003. Textbook of Textiles and Clothing. New Delhi. Indian Council of Agriculture Research
  4) Noemia, D Souza (1998) Fabric Care, New Age Publications
  5) Hatch, L.K (1993) Textile Science, West Publications USA 
  6) Wynne, A. 1997. Textiles. London, Macmillan Education Ltd
  7) Corbman B. P (1983) Textiles-fiber to fabric, McGraw-Hill lnt., USA
  8) Hollen, N. and Saddler, J. 1968. Textiles.  New York.  Macmillan Company.
  9) Deulkar, D. and Tarabai.1967. Household textiles and laundry Work. 3rd ed. Delhi.Atma Ram and Sons Ltd
10) Dantyagi, S. 1959.  Fundamentals of textiles and their Care.  New Delhi. Orient Longman Limited.

Instructor bio

Dr. Anne Sarada Devi is the former Dean of Home Science from Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) 
and presently working as the ICAR Emeritus Scientist at the College of Home Science, Hyderabad and also serving as 
an Honorary Member of the All India Handloom Board, Govt of India. She is an outstanding academician and was a rank
holder from the University of Madras in Masters in Home Science. She was conferred Ph.D from the Anna University, 
Chennai. She has contributed to the quality and the growth of ANGRAU with 35 years of service in teaching, research 
and extension including 11 years of senior level managerial stint and national technical coordinator for 
Home Science – Textiles & Clothing under ICAR for a plan period. She has also served as Member, 
Board of Management, ANGRAU from 2008-2011. The following are some glimpses of her contributions to research 
and special honours she held.

She was awarded on competitive basis and led two consortia entitled ‘A value chain in Natural dyes’ as CPI & e-courseware in Home Science as Associate PI with a total funding of Rs 7.82 crores under the World Bank sponsored ICAR’s National Agricultural Innovation projects.
Received Best Teacher Award of the University and The State of Andhra Pradesh
As an Expert member for the IV Deans’ Committee of ICAR and a Member of BSMA Task Force, 
        ICAR the course curricula for Home Science Apparel & Textiles was formulated for both 
        undergraduate and Post graduate programmes across all State Agricultural Universities.

Special Honours:
Invited by His Excellency the then President of America Mr. George Bush to establish natural dye research
         in Texas University 

Invited two times by Taiwan Government as expert member for organization of Cultural and Creative
        Exposition in Taiwan 2013  and also International Forum on Natural dyes  and WEFT TAIWAN 2014 and
        International Fashion Show and chairperson for sessions 
        conducted by National Taiwan Craft Research And Development Institute 
Provided consultancy to FAO for establishment of natural dyeing units at Bhutan & UMANG, Raniketh.

Course certificate

30 per cent for in course Assessment And 70 Per cent for end term proctored exam.

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