Political Ideologies

By Dr. Wahida Shaikh   |   Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
The Course studies the role of different political ideologies and their impact in politics. Each Ideology is critically studied in its historical context. In course of its evolution and development, the different streams and subtle nuances within each ideology, the changes and continuities in its doctrine and its relevance to contemporary times are highlighted.

Objectives of the course:
- Study close link between an idea and its actual realization in public policy needs to be explained as well
- Philosophical basis of the ideologies is emphasized with special emphasis on key thinkers and
  their theoretical formulations
- Legacy of all the major ideologies is to be critically assessed

Learners enrolled: 1759


Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 20 Jul 2020
End Date : 05 Dec 2020
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 14 Oct 2020
Category :
  • Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Level : Undergraduate

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    Weekly Plan
    Week 1:  Origin, Meaning, Definition of Political Ideologies, Nature and Scope of Political Ideologies,
             End of Ideology, Meaning, Definitions of Nationalism 
    Week 2:  Key Elements of Nationalism, Progressive and Reactionary Nationalism, Internationalism,
             Meaning, Nature and Features of Democratic Socialism
    Week 3:  Achievements and Limitations of Democratic Socialism, Types of Democratic Socialism: Febianism,
             Types of Democratic Socialism: Syndicalism, Types of Democratic Socialism: Guild Socialism
    Week 4:  Meaning, Definition and Origin of Fascism, Factors responsible for the rise of Fascism,
             Principles of Fascism, Corporate State
    Week 5:  Emergence of Nazism and Rise of Hitler, Features of Nazism, Karl Marx: Introduction,
             Historical Materialism
    Week 6:  Theory of Surplus Value, Marxian State, Relevance of Marxism,
             Meaning and Definition: Equality, Religion and Democracy
    Week 7:  Phule and Ambedkar’s views on Equality, Phule and Ambedkar’s views on Religion,
             Phule and Ambedkar’s views on Democracy, Meaning and Nature of Gandhism
    Week 8:  Gandhi on Truth and Non-Violence, Ends and means relationship given by Mahatma Gandhi,
             Theory of Satyagraha, Gandhi on Gram Swaraj
    Week 9:  Relevance of Gandhism, Meaning, Nature and Features of Feminism, Evolution of Feminism,
             Types of Feminism
    Week 10: Liberal Feminism, Feminism in India: Caste, Feminism in India: Patriarchy,
             Feminism in India: Women’s Representation

    Note - This Course Structure has been evenly distributed over a span of 17 Weeks.


    L. P. Baradat, Political Ideologies: Their Origins and Impact, Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice Hall, 1989.
    D. Bell, The End of Ideology, New York, The Free Press, 1960.
    R. N. Berki, Socialism, London, John Dent and Sons, 1975.
    Sir I. Berlin, “Nationalism: Past Neglect and Present Power” in H. Hardy (ed.) Against the Current,
       Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1981.
    J. Bondurant, Conquest of Violence: the Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict, Berkeley,
       University of California Press, 1965.
    R. M. Christenson, et al., Ideologies and Modern Politics, London, Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1971.
    P. Gay, The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism: Eduard Bernstein’s challenge to Marx, New York,
       Columbia University Press, 1952.
    E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Oxford, Blackwell, 1983.
    -  Political Science 76 J. Gray, Liberalism, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1986.
    J. Gray, Liberalisms: Essays in Political Philosophy, London, Rout ledge, 1989.
    D. Ingersoll and R.K. Mathews, The Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideologies: Liberalism,
       Communism and Fascism, Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice Hall, 1991.
    R. N. Iyer, The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, New York, Oxford University Press,1973.
    M. Kitchen, Fascism, London, Dent, 1979.
    D. J. Manning, Liberalism, London, John Dent and Sons, 1976.
    H. C. Mansfield, The Spirit of Liberalism, Cambridge, Harvard University Press. Political Science 77
    D. McLellan, Marxism after Marx, London, Macmillan, 1975


    Dr. Wahida Shaikh

    Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
    Dr. Wahida Shaikh
    Currently working as HOD at Political Science Department, Abeda Inamdar Sr. College, Pune. Her academic qualification is M.A. and Ph.D in Political Science. She has 19 years of experience into academics and 15 years into research. She has received Best Teacher Award from D.Y.Patil Deemed University in 2016. She has built strong and enduring relationships. She has been the most popular faculty among her colleagues and students. Till date she has written Nine text books for various courses under SPPU viz., B.A and M.A. She has to her credit 50 research papers published at various international national and state level.


    30% of Course Assessment and 70% of End - Term Proctored Exam