Embryology of Angiosperms

By Dr. Khursheed Ahmad Ganai   |   Islamia College of Science and Commerce, Srinagar
Learners enrolled: 618
Embryology of angiosperms is a course which reflects the various events which are met in during the sexual reproduction of angiosperm plants. This course maps the sequence of all important developmental events such as flower formation, development of male and female gametophyte, pollination, pollen-pistil interaction, double fertilization, endosperm development, embryo development, seed and fruit formation, seed dispersal and seed dormancy. This course encompasses all these above mentioned topics which string together into a story explaining  how angiosperms bring about the formation of sexual off-springs and how the gametophytic and sporophytic generations alternate in them.
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 6 weeks
Start Date : 23 Aug 2021
End Date : 02 Oct 2021
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 31 Aug 2021
Category :
  • Biological Sciences & Bioengineering
Credit Points : 2
Level : Undergraduate

Course layout

  1. Development of Flower as a Modified Shoot
  2. Structure of Flower & its Variations
  3. Structure of Stamen & Male Gametophyte 
  4. Structure of Carpel & Female Gametophyte 
  5. Angiospermic Ovule: Structure & Types
  6. Types of Female Gametophyte in Angiosperms 
  7. Pollination: its Types & Floral Adaptations to them
  8. Pollinators: Attractions & Rewards for them
  9. Co-evolution of Flowers & Insects
  10. Sexual Incompatibility 
  11. Pollen Pistil Interactions               
  12. Double Fertilization: Process, Mechanism & Significance 
  13. Endosperm: Development, Structure & Types
  14. Embryogenesis: Development of embryo in monocots and dicots
  15. Seed: A unit of genetic recombination and replenishment
  16. Structure of Angiosperm: Seed & Embryo 
  17. Fruit Development & Maturation 
  18. Evolution of Fruits & Seeds in Relation to their Dispersal Agents 
  19. Seed Dormancy (Types) & Seed Germination
  20. Vegetative propagation: natural means and methods
  21. Vegetative propagation: Artificial Methods and their economic values

Books and references

1. Bhojwani, S.S. and Bhatnagar, S.P. (2011). The Embryology of Angiosperms, Vikas Publishing  House. Delhi. 5th edition. 

2. Johri, B.M. l (1984). Embryology of 

Angiosperms, Springer-Verlag, Netherlands.

3. Maheshwari, P. 1950. An Introduction to the Embryology of Angiosperms. Mc Graw Hill, New York. 

4. Pandey, B.P. (2010). Modern practical botany volume II.S. Chand & Company Ltd. New Delhi.

5. Pandey, B.P. (2001). Plant Anatomy. S. Chand and Company, New Delhi. 

6. Pandey, S.N. and Chadha. 1996. Embryology. Vikas Publishing house, New Delhi. 

7. Raghavan, V. (2000). Developmental 

Biology of Flowering plants, Springer, Netherlands. 

8. Shivanna, K.R. (2003). Pollen Biology and 

Biotechnology. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.  Ltd. Delhi. 

9. Singh, V., Pande, P. C. and Jain, D.K. 2010. Structure, Development and Reproduction in Angiosperms. Rastogi Publications, Meerut, India.

Instructor bio

Dr. Khursheed Ahmad Ganai

Islamia College of Science and Commerce, Srinagar
Dr Khursheed Ahmed Ganaie holds a PhD and a master’s degree in Botany from the Department of Botany, University of Kashmir. Having qualified NET (JRF) in 2000, he has more than 20 years of teaching experience and currently teaches postgraduate and undergraduate students at the Department of Botany, Islamia College of Science and Commerce (ICSC), Srinagar.
Dr Khursheed has more than 20 publications to his credit in journals of national and international repute. Having guided several MPhil and PhD students, he has been heading the Department of Botany, ICSC, since August 2017 and is the Chairman of PG and UG Boards of Studies in the college, apart from being a member on the Academic  Advisory Committee and a member convener of various committees of the college. 

Course certificate

30% for in-course assessment and 70% for end term proctored exam

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