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Photojournalism

By Dr. Radhika Khanna   |   Pondicherry University
Learners enrolled: 2640
This course introduces you to photojournalism and the basics of digital photography. You will learn to take photographs and explore the entire process of photojournalistic principles, ethics and practice. Through the various short videos in this course, including the 'Meet the photographer' modules, you will be introduced to eminent Indian photographers and photojournalists. Here you will learn professional skills and practical tips from 25 experienced practitioners including photojournalists, photographers, photo editors and teachers, some with a professional career spanning over 60 years and also budding new personalities in this field.

Additional online resources will give you a wide exposure to some of the best photographic and photojournalistic work, including images, videos, research articles and dissertations. You will also have an opportunity to improve your photography skills through experimentation with online camera simulators. These will be helpful to understand the basic photography concepts especially for those who don't have a digital camera. A curated reading list will enrich your thirst for more. By the end of 15 weeks, you will be able to identify and develop your creative expression, style and voice and be prepared for a career in photojournalism and self-employment.

Course Objectives
1. Learn concepts and tools of photography
2. Learn the qualities and skills to prepare as a photojournalist
3. Encourage self-employment
4. Encourage creative skills
5. Develop interest in photography and photojournalism

Course Outcomes
1. Learner would master the concepts and importance of photography
2. Learner would be able to understand photo coverage and photojournalism
3. Learner would be ready to join any media organization as a photojournalist or be self-employed
4. Learner would develop her/his individual talent and potential for photography
5. Learner would be introduced to different branches and styles of photography and photojournalism
Summary
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Elective
Duration : 15 weeks
Start Date : 02 Aug 2021
End Date : 10 Nov 2021
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 15 Sep 2021
Category :
  • Multidisciplinary
Credit Points : 5
Level : Undergraduate/Postgraduate



Course layout

Week 1
The role and importance of photojournalism in media

Becoming storytellers: Qualities and skills needed to be a photojournalist

Meet Gurinder Osan:
Photojournalist, landscape and social documentary photographer. Presently works as photo editor for India's premier news agency, Press Trust of India, heading and mentoring a pan India team of many talented photojournalists.

Week 2
Introduction and development of photography by Desikan Krishnan, senior photojournalist and former photo editor with The Hindu, Chennai.

Traditional and digital camera by Gopinath Sricandane, a communications specialist in charge of photo documentation of various projects and a former photojournalist with the Outlook group & photo editor of Outlook magazine’s website.

Meet Prashant Panjiar: Photojournalist, documentary photographer, and photo editor. One of India’s leading photo-practitioners, he has worked for international and national publications. Served on several juries, including the jury of the World Press Photo Awards. He works on several issues for international non-profit organisations. 
 

Week 3
History of photojournalism with special focus on Homai Vyarawalla, India’s first woman press photographer by Prof. Sabeena Gadihoke, AJK MCRC, Jamia Millia Islamia, who is also a photo historian & curator and has written extensively on Indian photography.

Tools of photography: Introduction to photography, exposure and exposure triangle

Tools of photography: Understanding shutter speed, aperture and ISO

Week 4
Digital photography: Experiments with understanding light (underexposure and overexposure)

Digital photography: Camera lenses, focal length and starting off to shoot

Week 5
Photography elements and principles: Understanding depth of field

Meet Raghu Rai: Awarded the 'Padma Shri' in 1971, nominated by Henri Cartier-Bresson to join Magnum Photos in 1977, laureate of the first edition of the Académie des beaux-arts Photography Award - William Klein in 2019. Currently, he is working on his 57th book.

Week 6
Emergence of digital technology: Basics of digital camera

Digital camera: Shooting modes and menu

Week 7
Digital photography: Crop factor, colour temperature, pixelation and noise

Doing photography: Composition

Doing composition: More on rules and in-camera composition

Week 8
Meet Saumya Khandelwal: Contributing photojournalist with many international publications. A Getty Images Instagram Grantee 2017 and recipient of the National Foundation of India Award 2017.

Role of lighting and the use of flash in photography

Different types of lighting and its uses: Available light and time of the day

Meet Selvaprakash Lakshmanan: Independent photographer with many national and international publications. A recipient of Paris Match Award 2007, the India Press Photo Award 2008 and the Robert Bosch Art Grant 2009-2010. Along with editorial and documentary, his work includes photographing portraits, lifestyle, architecture, interior, product and food.

Week 9
Role of subject and quality of photographs: Researching stories for long term projects

Writing captions for photographs

Life of a working photojournalist

Meet Dinesh Krishnan: Photojournalist and photo editor. Presently, visual editor with The Hindu, Chennai.

Week 10
Photograph editing: Basic techniques and workflow

Selecting images

Cropping, enlarging and reducing

Meet SR Raghunathan: Photojournalist. Presently, chief photographer and deputy photo editor with The Hindu, Chennai.

Week 11
Clubbing and grouping: Developing photo essays, features and human interest stories

Social media and multimedia storytelling 

Meet Vicky Roy: Selected by the US based Maybach Foundation to photo document the reconstruction of the World Trade Center in New York in 2009. Awarded the MIT Media Fellowship in 2014. An honouree on the 2016 'Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia' list.

Week 12
Branches of photography: Need and importance

Meet Avinash Pasricha: Octogenarian photographer, with a career spanning over 60 years. Renowned for his performing arts photography, he has co-authored several books on Indian classical dance and music, and also made audio-visuals on prominent performing artistes. The range of his work includes portraits, fashion, advertising, industry and architecture. He was Photo Editor of SPAN magazine for 37 years. 

Arts and cultural photography: Documenting performing artists and cultural activities

Meet Navroze Contractor: Independent photographer and cinematographer of many award winning feature films. His photographs of jazz musicians are in the collection of the Smithsonian Museum, Washington DC, USA. 

Week 13
Introduction to wildlife and bird photography 

Qualities and skills needed to be a wildlife photographer

Ethics in wildlife photography

Photography for conservation: Planning, shooting and writing

Week 14
Introduction to sports photography

Becoming a sports photographer

Travel photography, street photography and night photography

Photography and ethics

Week 15
Meet Madhuraj: Photographer and writer. A recipient of the Maja Koene National Award in 2003, Silver World Medal at New York Festival 2005 for the picture depicting the endosulfan tragedy in Kerala, and Prem Bhatia National Award for Environmental Reporting 2011. Presently, senior chief news photographer, periodicals, Mathrubhumi.

Career paths: News organisations, NGOs, freelancing and negotiating contracts, grants, residencies and training

Creative skills: Developing your style and preparing your portfolio
 

Books and references

Books:
Learning to See Creatively: Design, Color, and Composition in Photography by Bryan Peterson (Amphoto Books, 2015)
On Photography by Susan Sontag (Penguin, 2008)
Photojournalism: A Tool for Social Change by Poorva Trikha (Arun, 2014)  
Photojournalism: An Ethical Approach by Paul Martin Lester (Routledge, 2015)  
Photojournalism: The Professionals' Approach by Kenneth Kobre (Focal Press, 2004) 
Understanding Photojournalism by Jennifer Good and Paul Lowe (Routledge, 2020)  

Online Resources:  
http://markhancock.blogspot.com/1996/01/what-is-photojournalist.html
https://photography.tutsplus.com/articles/understanding-and-appreciating-the-basics-of-photojournalism--photo-1218
Affective Visuality: A study of pathos in the works of select Indian Photojournalists by Poorva Trikha (Indian thesis, 2019) at https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/handle/10603/309880

Instructor bio

Dr. Radhika Khanna

Pondicherry University
Dr. Radhika Khanna teaches in the School of Media and Communication, Pondicherry University and heads the Educational Multimedia Research Centre (EMRC) at Puducherry. Before that, she was Assistant Professor at Kamala Nehru College (B.A. Hons. Journalism) and guest faculty at Gargi College (B. El. Ed.), University of Delhi.

An alumna of AJK Mass Communication Research Centre (MCRC), Jamia Millia Islamia with specialization in filmmaking and research in pedagogy, she mentored under theatre practitioner, Mr. Barry John. She has been a Theatre-in-Education (TIE) facilitator and a freelance media professional since 1992. In academia since 2005, she has engaged learners in formal and non-formal learning environments with issues of gender, education and the environment, especially through documentary films, self-development and theatre workshops. She is passionate about teaching through creative and innovative learning experiences for students with a strong emphasis on practical training, value-based education and critical reflection on academic and societal issues.

Her areas of practice-based research focus on experiential and responsive pedagogy towards meeting the educational needs of students, teachers and teacher educators. She has examined and endeavoured to bridge the divide between cognitive and experiential learning through the use of interdisciplinary skills and knowledge drawing on journalism, filmmaking, photography, theatre, art, multimedia production, Content Management System, Learning Management System, flipped and blended learning as cross-over methods for facilitating learning. She has also explored the efficacy of Theatre-in-Education, ICT skills in education, MOOCs, public speaking skills and life skills, and arts in education for developing attitudes, skills and knowledge for lifelong learning.

One of the Founder Trustees of the International Association of Women in Radio and Television (IAWRT) India Chapter, she is also a National Geographic certified educator, committed to engaging students in joyful, lifelong learning processes for self-development and for contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals. For her work with children, women and youth, she has been commended for the global Communication for Social Change award in 2011 by the University of Queensland.

She has been teaching Photojournalism since 2005.

Course certificate

30 marks will be allocated for continuous assessment and 70 marks will be allocated for end semester proctored examination.



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