Biodiversity and Ecological Resources

By Dr. Javid A. Parray   |   Govt. Degree College, Eidgah, Srinagar
Learners enrolled: 1886
The course “Biodiversity and Ecological resources” would serve a 04 credit Core Course in B.Sc. Environmental Science, under the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) of UGC. The course would also be useful as one of the compulsory subject for all students of the undergraduate streams, e.g. arts, science, commerce and other biomedical sciences.   The environmental studies course gives an overview towards understanding of basic environment and ecological services. The conservation and management of natural resources besides use and over exploitation is also detailed in the course. The decline in Earth's biological diversity has far more deep implications than other environmental dilemmas, sometimes more commonly acknowledged that will be documented her. The ex- situ and in-situ approaches for protection of earth’s biodiversity are the main conservative tools for protection of earth’s biodiversity and will be established in the course. The enormous variety of natural resources on this planet provides everything for survival of all forms of life including man. Forests and wildlife are essential for ecological balance of an area. The energy is critical directly or indirectly in the entire process of evolution growth and survival of all forms of life. Energy security is therefore important for economic growth and alleviation of poverty and unemployment. The programme will give us detailed information about the concept and strategies of sustainable development for the management of all biological resources including the ecological footprint and carbon sequestration for sustainable development.
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 09 Aug 2021
End Date : 30 Oct 2021
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 31 Aug 2021
Category :
  • Multidisciplinary
Credit Points : 4
Level : Undergraduate

Page Visits

Course layout

Concept of an ecosystem
Structure and function of an ecosystem 
Definition: Genetic, Species and Ecosystem diversity 
Producers, Consumers and decomposers 

Energy Flow in the ecosystem 
Food Chains, Food webs 
Ecological Pyramids 
Ecological Succession 

Endangered and endemic species of India 
Concept of exotic species 
Forest ecosystem 
Desert Ecosystem 

Grasses & Grasslands – I 
Grasses & Grasslands – II 
Grasses & Grasslands  -III 
Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) 

Value of biodiversity: Consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical and aesthetic and option values 
Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-life conflicts 
Hotspots of biodiversity – I 
Hotspots of biodiversity – II 

In-situ Conservation of biodiversity 
Ex-situ Conservation of biodiversity 
Biogeographical classification of India 
India as a mega diversity nation 

Biodiversity at Global, national and local level 
Land Resources 
Forest Resources: Use and over exploitation, deforestation 
Mineral Resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects. Cases 

Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water 
Floods, drought, conflicts over water resources 
Food Resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies 
Sources of Energy 

Energy Resources: Non-Renewable energy sources and use of alternative energy sources 
Urban problems related to energy 
Growing energy needs, Energy crisis and Renewable energy sources 
Concept of water harvesting and water shed management 

Concept of Ecological footprint 
Carbon sequestration 
Biological diversity act (2002) 
National Green Tribunal Act (2010)

Monitoring and management of biodiversity 
Management of mineral resources 
Management of fresh water resources  
Management of forest resources  

Microbial diversity in soil 
Functions of microorganisms in environment 
Microorganisms and Human health 
Management of microbial resources

Books and references

1. Bharucha, Erach, 2005. Text Book of Environmental Studies, Universities Press (India), Hyderabad. 

2. Joseph, Benny, 2005. Environmental Studies, McGraw Hill companies. 

3. De, Anil Kumar and De, Arnab Kumar, 2nd edition. New Age International Publishers. 

4. Kanagasabai, S. 2010. Text Book on Environmental Studies. PHI Learning. 

5. Sharma, P. D. 2015. Ecology and Environment. 

6. Chauhan, B. S. 2008, Environmental Studies. University Science Press. 

7. Kaushak and Kaushak. 2016. Perspectives in Environmental Studies. 

8. Jaiswal, P.S.2007.Environmental Law. Pioneer Publications, Delhi. 

9. Ghosh, G.K.1992. Environmental Pollution. Ashiah Publication, Delhi. 

10.Bandh SA And Parray JA (2018) Environemntal Perspective sand Issues. Castillo Reference 1st Ed .

11. Joshi PC (2009)  A Text Book Of Environmental Science. APH Publishing, 306 pages

12. V. Subramanian (2002) A Textbook in Environmental Science 1st Edition, Narosa; 1 edition (May 22, 2002)

13. Arvind Kumar (2004) A Text Book Of Environmental Science. APH Publishing 376 pages

Instructor bio

Dr. Javid A. Parray

Govt. Degree College, Eidgah, Srinagar
Dr Javid A Parray holds a Master’s Degree in Environmental Science and has completed his Research Programme (MPhil and PhD) from the University of Kashmir after qualifying state level prestigious JKSLET examination. He has also done his Post Doctorate Research from the University of Kashmir. Dr Parray was also awarded a Fast Track Young Scientist Project by SERB – DST, GoI New Delhi. He currently teaches at the Department of Environmental Science, GDC Eidgah Srinagar affiliated to Cluster University Srinagar. He has attended many courses and conferences on environmental issues and other biotechnological aspects within and outside the country like Srilanka, Indonesia, Malaysia etc. His fundamental research interests include ecological and agricultural microbiology, climate change and microbial biotechnology, environmental microbiome etc. He has published more than 50 high-impact research papers and book chapters in reputed journals and publishing Hubs. Dr Parray has authored 06 books with international publishers like Elsevier, Springer, Callisto Reference USA and Wiley-Blackwell. Dr Parray is on the editorial board, and permanent reviewers of many journals and has been an invited speaker at various scientific meetings/conferences within India and abroad. He is also a Guest editor for a special issue on Environmental Biofilms with BioMed Research International, Hindwaii. He is member of many International and National scientific organizations and societies like Asian PGPR Society, IJMS Mumbai, Academy of Eco science, IAES Haridwar etc. Dr Javid was also awarded as “Emerging scientist year Gold Medal” for the year 2018 by Indian Academy of Environmental Science. 

Course certificate

30% for in-course assessment and 70% for end term proctored exam.

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