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Sanskrit Grammar

By Dr. G Sahadevan   |   University of Kerala (Retired)
Learners enrolled: 1014
Why this Course? 
The emergence of new topics like computational linguistics reiterates the relevance of learning Sanskrit Grammar. Sanskrit Grammar is considered as a foundation for any General Course in Sanskrit learning. 

Genre of this MOOC 
All Universities in India offering Bachelor Programmes in Sanskrit have a course in Sanskrit Grammar. The proposed MOOC attempts to simplify the Grammar with specific focus on Samja and Samasa, which are considered as the corner stone of Paniniyam Grammar. This understanding is essential for furthering the Sanskrit Learning in other areas of Sanskrit like language, literature, ayurveda and other applied fields. Hence, the course has a wider scope in terms of  academic relevance in the current academic framework suggested under CBCS of UGC also from a socially relevant learning perspective. 

Approach of this Course
This course takes multi-method approach to grammar learning by providing a range of examples presented in different ways to meet different learning styles of students. 

Summary
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 24 weeks
Start Date : 11 Jan 2021
End Date : 21 May 2021
Exam Date :
Category :
Level : Undergraduate



Course layout

Week 1
Module-1: Relation Between Language and Grammar and the important test in Sanskrit Grammar
Module-2: Words Arrangement and Various Typs of Suthras      

Week 2
Module-3: The Technical Terms in Sankrit Grammar 
Module-4: Articulation of alphabets and their divisions 

Week 3
Module-5: The euphonic combination-YAN,AYAVAYA etc.
Module-6: The euphonic combonation of GUNA and VRIDHI and replacement of AVATHA etc

Week 4
Module-7: Use of prefixes with roots 
Module-8: Explanation of PRAKIRTHI BHAVA and importance of NIPATHA etc.. 

Week 5
Module -9: The euphonic combination of SCHUTVA-STHUTVA
Module -10: The importance of PARIBHASH SUTRAS and their explanations  

Week 6
Module-11: The ADASHAS of TUK,SA and etc and UTVM to REPHA
Module -12: KARAGAS-The nominative,vocative and accusative cases  

Week 7
Module -13: Explanation of instrumenatal cases 
Module-14 : The divisions and explantion of dative case 

Week 8
Module-15: Th divison of UPAPADHA in dative case 
Module 16: The KARAGA in ablative case 

Week 9
Module-17: The UPAPADHA and KARMA PRAVACHINIYA in ablative case 
Module-18: Explanation of certain SUTRAS in genetive case 

Week 10
Module-19: Partial ADESHA of certain SUTRAS in genetive case 
Module-20: The technical term ADHARA in 7th case 

Week 11 
Module-21: Compounds and their divisons 
Module-22: The compound in AVAYAYIBHAVA

Week 12
Module-23: The suffix of DAC in AVAYAYIBHAVA
Module-24: The compund THATHPURUSHA 

Week 13
Module-25: The explantions of SUTRAS in genetive and SAPTHAMI cases 
Module-26: The divisions of the compound KARMADHAREYA

Week 14
Module-27: Illustrations and explantion of compund DIGU
Module-28: Explanation of compound in BAHUVRIHI SAMASA

Week 15
Module-29: The divisions of BAHUVRIHI SAMASA
Module-30: Continuation of BAHUVRIHI SAMASA and certain SUTHRAS Iin DWANDA

Week 16
Module-31: The divisions of BAHUVRIHI SAMASA
Module-32: The mutual relation in CO-ORDINATING compound 

Week 17
Module-33: SAMAHARA DWANDAHA
Module-34: SAMAHARA DWANDAHA and it divisons

Week 18
Module-35: The ALUK SAMASA 
Module-36: Explanation of certain SUTRAS in ALUK SAMASA 

Week 19 
Module-37: various kind of Sanskrit Roots 
Module-38: Tenses-present,past and future 

Week 20
Module-39: Voice changes-active, passive and BHAVE 
Module-40: The important indeclinables and their explanations
Course Summary, Further on Sanskrit Grammar

Books and references

Reference Books
Sanskrit Grammar for Students (1997) by Arthur Anthony MacDonell, D.K. Print World Ltd, ISBN-10: 8124600953
A Higher Sanskrit Grammar: For the Use of School and College Students (2015) by M.R. Kale, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2015)
Sanskrit is Fun: A Sanskrit Coursebook for Beginner – Series by Warwick Jessup, Motilal Banarsidass
Laghu Sidhanthakaumudi, Choukamba Sanskrit 
Online Resources
Sanskrit Documents
https://sanskritdocuments.org/sanskrit/sutra/ 
Reference for Sutras
https://www.booksfact.com/mantra-sastra/sanskrit-alphabets-origin-maheswara-sutras.html
Online Sanskrit Dictionary  
http://sanskritdictionary.com/?q=%C4%81%C5%9Bi
For Sandhi Rules
http://greenmesg.org/sanskrit_online_tools/sanskrit_sandhi_rules.php
Reading on root verbs (selected pages to be read)
http://www.wilbourhall.org/pdfs/rootsverbformspr00whitrich.pdf
Relative pronoun chart
http://www.thesanskritlanguage.com/uploads/7/3/6/5/7365503/alphabet.pdf

Instructor bio











Dr. G Sahadevan has more than 25 years of experience in teaching Sanskrit at Higher Education Level. He is a Sastra Choodamani Scholar and is widely acclaimed educator for his deep understanding of grammatical and lexical peculiarities of Sanskrit. He served at different institutions including University College, Thiruvananthapuram, Training College, Kozhikode, Brennan College Tellicherry and Sree Narayana Ayurveda Medical College, Kollam. His educational qualifications are PhD, M.Ed., B.Ed. and MA, all in Sanskrit / Sanskrit Education. His book, Sanskrit Teaching Methods, is a reference as well as text book in many Universities in India.




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