Plant groups (Plant Diversity)

By Dr. Arup Kumar Mitra   |   St. Xavier’s College,( Autonomous) Kolkata
Learners enrolled: 222
The CC- Botany 1 entitled Plant Groups is actually a course on basic plant diversity and comprises of 40 modules. It gives a detailed account of different plant groups like virus, bacteria, algae, fungi including and mycorrhizae, archegoniates including bryophytes, pteridophytes and also the spermatophyte in the form gymnosperms. Each group have detailed discussion of their classification, ecological importance, classification and phylogeny, certain important type genera and also their economic importance. Thus by studying these 40 modules, a student should be able to understand and appreciate the major plant groups from microbes to gymnosperms which form the basis of plant sciences. Students from any branch of biological sciences will find these modules relevant and useful for their higher studies.

Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 15 weeks
Start Date : 04 Jul 2022
End Date : 15 Oct 2022
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 15 Sep 2022
Category :
  • Biological Sciences & Bioengineering
Credit Points : 4
Level : Undergraduate

Page Visits

Course layout

Week -1
1. Viruses: Discovery, general structure
2. Virus Replication
3. Economic Importance of Virus

Week -2
4. Bacteria – Discovery, General characteristics and cell structure
5. Vegetative, asexual reproduction of bacteria
6. Conjugation, Transformation and Transduction of Bacteria

7. Economic importance of bacteria
8. General characteristics, Ecology and distribution
9. Range of thallus organization, Reproduction in algae
10. Classification of algae;
11. Morphology and life-cycles: Nostoc and Chlamydomonas
12. Morphology and life-cycles: Oedogonium and Vaucheria

13. Morphology and life-cycles: Fucus, Polysiphonia.
14. Economic Importance: Blue green algae and higher algae
15. General characteristics, ecology and significance of Fungi

16. Range of thallus organization in fungi, cell structure and nutrition.
17. Classification and Reproduction in fungi
18. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Rhizopus (Zygomycota)

19. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Penicillium and Alternaria
20. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Puccinia and Agaricus
21. Economic Importance of Fungi

22. Smbiotic Associations-Lichens:
General account, reproduction and significance
23. Mycorrhiza: ectomycorrhiza and endomycorrhiza and their significance
24. Unifying features of archegoniates, Transition and Alternation of generation.

25. General characteristics and Land adaptations of Bryophytes
26. Detailed Classification of Bryophytes
27. Range of thallus organization, Morphology, anatomy and reproduction: Marchantia and Funaria
28. Ecology of bryophytes and Economic importance of
        bryophytes with special mention of Sphagnum

Week -10
29. Economic Importance of bryophytes with special mention of Sphagnum 
30. General characteristics, classification of Pteridophytes

Week -11
31. Early land plants (Cooksoniaand Rhynia).
32. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Selaginella

33. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Equisetum
34. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Pteris

Week -13
35. Heterospory and seed habit, stelar evolution..
36. Ecological and economical importance of Pteridophytes

37. General characteristics and Detailed Classification of Gymnosperms
38. Morphology  anatomy and reproduction of Cycas

Week -15
39. Morphology anatomy and reproduction of Pinus
40. Ecological and Economic Importance of Gymnosperms

Books and references

1. Berg, Jeremy M., Tymoczko, John L. and Stryer, Lubert. Biochemistry, 5th Ed., W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 2002.
2. Carter, John B. and Saunders, Venetia A. Virology: Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons Inc, USA, 2007.
3. Dimmock, N. J., Easton, A. J. and Leppard, K. N. Introduction to Modern Virology, 6th Ed., Blackwell Publishing Ltd, USA, 2007.
4. Flint, Jane, Racaniello, Vincent R., Rall, Glenn F. and Skalka, Anna Marie with Lynn W. Enquist. Principles of Virology, 4th Ed., ASM Press, Washington DC, USA, 2015.
5. Prescott,L, Harley,J and Klein,D, Microbiology(2008), McGraw hill Co.Ltd
6. Jeffrey c. Pommerville; Alcamo’s Fundamentals of Microbiology (2007) Jones and Bartlett Publishers
7. Kathleen Park Talaro, Barry Chess; Foundations in Microbiology (2008) McGraw hill Co.Ltd
8. Chisti, Y. 2007 Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnology Advances. 25: 294–306.

9. Dajana J. Kovač et al., Algae in food and feed, Food and Feed Research 40 (1), 21-31, 2013
10. Garima Goswami, Vinal Bang, Shubham Agarwal, Diverse Application of Algae ,International Journal of Advance Research In Science And Engineering IJARSE, Vol. No.4, Special Issue (01), March 2015 ISSN-2319-8354(E), http://www.ijarse.com .

11. Alexopoulos, C.J., C.W. Mims, and M. Blackwell. 1996.Introductory Mycology. Fourth Edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York. 
12. Barron, G.L. 1977.The Nematode-Destroying Fungi.Canadian Biological Publications, Guelph, 
13. Vashishta,B.R, Sinha A.K , Kumar Adarsh( 2011).Botany for degree students Part III ,S.Chand and Company Ltd.
14. Spore, K.R. The Morphology of Pteridophyte, Latest Ed. , Huchinson & Co. Ltd.
15. Parihar, N.S. The Biology & Morphology of Pteridophytes (2nd ed.), 1989, Central Book Distributors.
16. Bieleski, R. L., and M. D. Wilcox. 2009. Araucariaceae. Dunedin, New Zealand: International Dendrology Society.
17. Burns, R. M., and B. H. Honkala. 1990. Silvics of North America, Vol. 1, Conifers. Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 654. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture.
18. Debreczy, Z., and I. Rácz. 2006. Conifers around the world. 2 vols. Budapest: DendroPress.

Instructor bio

Dr. Arup Kumar Mitra

St. Xavier’s College,( Autonomous) Kolkata
Dr. Arup Kumar Mitra  is a Post graduate and Ph.D from University of Calcutta, Post Doctoral Experience from South Bank University, London. Presently working as an Associate Professor,P.G.Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier’s College. Has more than 23 years of teaching experience and is also the founder Head of the same department. He has presented 45 papers in different national and International Seminars. Has written 34 books on Biology, Botany, Environmental Science and Microbiology. Has published 81 papers in different National and international Peer reviewed journals.

Course certificate


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