General Microbiology

By Dr. Laitonjam Ishwori   |   S. Kula Women’s College, Nambol, Manipur
Learners enrolled: 1780
Microbiology is the study of a diverse group of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. They are generally too small to be seen without the use of microscope and hence these life forms are called the microorganisms or the microbes. They are almost everywhere and affect almost all aspects of our lives. This is a general microbiology course that is intended for students to impart the knowledge of microbial life. The course structure is based on presenting the fundamentals of microbiology i.e. the biology of bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa, their classification, bacterial genetics, mode of replication, bacterial photosynthesis, bacterial fermentation, microbial food spoilage and various methods of food preservation. The students will also be introduced to the microbial pathogenesis of various infectious agents that cause diseases in humans and prevention of the infection, host resistance and immunity etc.

Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Biological Sciences & Bioengineering
Credit Points : 4
Level : Undergraduate
Start Date : 23 Jan 2023
End Date : 02 Apr 2023
Enrollment Ends : 15 Mar 2023
Exam Date :

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1:
1. Microbiology: Introduction
2. Microscopy
3. Cells
4. Prokaryotic and  Eukaryotic cells

Week 2:
5. Structural organization of nucleic acids
6. Nucleic acid as genetic information carrier
7. Semiconservative replication of prokaryotes
8. Classification of microorganisms-I

Week 3:
9. Classification of microorganisms-II
10. Gram positive bacteria
11. Gram negative bacteria
12. Yeast

Week 4:
13. Virus – Introduction
14. Virus- host interaction
15. Lytic cycle of viruses
16. Lysogenic cycle of viruses

Week 5:
17. Control of microorganism
18. Stains and staining techniques
19. Nutritional requirements and growth media
20. Bacterial fermentation I & II

Week 6:
21. Bacterial photosynthesis
22. Bacterial genetics I: genetic elements, Sex  types, conjugation and protoplast fusion
23. Bacterial genetics II
24. Restriction endonucleases and cloning vectors

Week 7:
25. Application of recombinant DNA technology
26. Introduction to immune system
27. Organs of immune system
28. Cells of immune  system

Week 8:
29. Antigen presenting cells - macrophages and dendritic cells
30. Antigens and immunogens
31. Structure of immunoglobulins
32. Antigen antibody interactions

Week 9:
33. Autoimmune diseases
34. Vaccine
35. Microbial pathogenesis and diseases
36. Food spoilage and preservation I 

Week 10: 
37. Food spoilage and preservation II
38. Preparation of plasma from blood and differential staining of WBC
39. Preparation of various media for bacterial growth and culture of bacteria
40. Gram staining and measurement of bacterial growth by turbidity method

Week 11:  

Week 12: 

Books and references

Pelczar, M.J., Chan, E.C.S. and Krieg, N.R. 1998. Microbiology. Tata, McGraw-Hill.
Prescott, L.M., Harley, J.P. and Klein, D.A. 1999. Microbiology. 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Schlegel, H.G. 2006. General Microbiology. 7th edition, Cambridge University Press.
Slonczewski, J.L. and Foster, J.W. 2009. Microbiology: An evolving Science. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data.


Instructor bio

Dr. Laitonjam Ishwori is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biotechnology, S. Kula Women's College, affiliated to Manipur University, India. She has completed M. Phil in the year 2008 and received PhD from Assam University, Silchar, Assam, India in the year 2017 under Faculty Improvement Programme of UGC. She has 12 years of teaching experience. She has completed two (2) Minor Research Project under UGC. At present she is working on Antimicrobial activity of indigenous medicinal plants.

Course certificate

30% for in course Assessment & 70% of end-term Proctored Exam

MHRD logo Swayam logo


Goto google play store