Basic Organic Chemistry

By Dr. B. S. Balaji   |   Jawaharlal Nehru University
Learners enrolled: 4252

This course is a 4 credit course (15 weeks, 40 module) for B. Sc. Chemistry Students. Here, Students will be taught how to improve their basic understanding of chemical concepts. The scientific explanation given in the video contents makes use of the following components: Presentations, chemical structures, figures, tables, images, use of molecular models, etc. 

Who can benefit Any student or learner who wants to learn the basics of organic chemistry. The course shall be helpful for UG students (credit transfer), research scholars, young scientists and faculty members for their career growth. UG students who are in pursuit of excellence can learn more from this course. The course covers most of the topics (organic chemistry) that are part of various competitive exams. IIT-JEE, CSIR-NET, GATE, UPSC, SLET, SSC-CGL, various CET. Industry support for jobs pharma, petrochemical, dye, perfume, agro chemicals industries
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Core
Duration : 15 weeks
Category :
  • Chemistry
Credit Points : 4
Level : Undergraduate
Start Date : 23 Jan 2023
End Date : 30 Apr 2023
Enrollment Ends : 15 Mar 2023
Exam Date :

Page Visits

Course layout


Week 1
Introduction to chemical evolution, Carbon fixation-Calvin cycle

Introduction to molecular interactions, types of bonds
Common bonding pattern for carbon, oxygen and nitrogen
VSEPR theory
Tutorial: VB theory 

Week 2 
VB theory, hybridisation in methane, ammonia, amide, water, alkene, alkyne
MO theory, orbital overlap (s-s, s-p, p-p), bond order, s-p mixing

Week 3
Electronic effects 1: Inductive effects and its significance
Electronic effects 2: Resonance effects and its significance 

Week 4
Electronic effects 3: Hyperconjugation and its significance
Tutorial: Acids and bases: Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry, and Lewis theories 

Week 5
Functional groups and their importance
Tutorial : Formal charge 

Week 6 
Reactivity and intermediates
Carbocations, Carbanions, Free radicals and Carbenes 

Week 7
Types of organic reactions and their mechanism
Addition, Elimination, Substitution and radical reactions
Stereochemistry 1: Fischer, Newmann and Sawhorse Projections
Tutorial: Fischer-DL

Week 8
Stereochemistry 2: Geometrical isomerism – cis/trans, E/Z notation, CIP rule
Optical Isomerism -enantiomer, diastereomer
Tutorial: Geometrical isomerism
Tutorial: enantiomer, diastereomer 

Week 9
Chemistry of alkanes: formation, Wurtz Reaction, Wurtz-Fittig Reactions, Reactions of alkanes 

Week 10
Electrophilic additions
Markownikoff and Anti Markownikoff addition
Reactions of alkenes 1: Oxymercuration-demercuration, Hydroboration-oxidation, Ozonolysis
Tutorial: E2
Tutorial: Electrophilic additions 

Week 11
Reactions of alkenes 2: Catalytic reduction, 1,2-and 1,4-addition, Diels-Alder reaction 

Week 12
Reactions of alkenes 3: Di-hydroxylation, Allylic and benzylic bromination and mechanism
Reactions of alkynes 

Week 13
Conformation of cycloalkanes 1
Conformation of cycloalkanes 2
Conformation of cyclohexane 

Week 14
Aromaticity 1: Huckel’s rule, aromatic character of cyclic C3 and C4 systems
Aromaticity 2: aromatic character of cyclic C5-C7 systems, heterocycles 

Week 15
Aromatic Electrophilic substitutions 1: Halogenation
Aromatic Electrophilic substitutions 2: Hammick and Illingworth empirical rule, Orientation
Aromatic Electrophilic substitutions 3: Nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylations and acylation

Books and references

March's Advanced Organic Chemistry Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure 5th Ed. Michael B. Smith, Jerry March, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.

F. A. Carey: Organic Chemistry, 5th  Ed., McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Peter Sykes, A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, 6th Ed, John Wiley and Sons. Inc, New York, 1986.

J. Clayden, N. Greeves, S. Warren, Organic Chemistry, 2nd Ed., Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2012.

F. A. Carey and R. J. Sundberg, Advanced Organic Chemistry, Part A & B, 5th  Ed., Springer, New York, 2007.

Paula Yurkanis Bruice, Organic Chemistry, 4th Ed. Prentice Hall, 2003.

D. Nasipuri, Stereochemistry of organic compounds, Principles and Applications, 3rd Ed. New Age International Publishers, 2018.

P. S. Kalsi, Stereochemistry: Conformation and Mechanism, 9th Ed, New Age International (P) Ltd., 2017.

Ernest L. Eliel, Samuel H. Wilen, Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds, Wiley India Ed, 2008.

I. L. Finar, Organic Chemistry, Volume 2: Stereochemistry and The Chemistry of Natural Products, Chapter 2, 5th Ed, Pearson Education India, 1956 Those who would like learn more about organic chemistry at a PG level can register for the course at Organic chemistry 1 Following are the other courses developed by Dr. Balaji which are available online for organic chemistry students with the support from SWAYAM Prabha TV Channel (CH15), IIT-M. Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry III Organic Chemistry - III

Instructor bio

Dr. B. S. Balaji

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Dr. Balaji is working as Associate Professor at School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru University. His area of specialization includes Green chemistry, synthetic chemistry, drug development, nano-chemistry, teaching and learning methodologies. He received his Ph.D in organic Chemistry from National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, affiliated to then Pune University. He spent three years as a Center of Excellence Foreign Visiting researcher at Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. He then worked as Postdoctoral fellow and Research fellow (faculty track position) at University of Missouri, Columbia, USA. He has published many research publications (including a book) and holds four Indian patents. The research contribution from his laboratory had appeared in a few Journal cover pages (Chemical Communication, Nuclear Medicine and Biology) and appeared in local print and electronic media. He got his MBA from Anna University with Technology management as specialization.

He has been regularly contributing as a resource person for various Faculty development program to School, College and University faculty members. He had conducted more than 100 sessions. So far he had trained over 5000 Faculty members. Currently, he is coordinating with IIT-Madras in creating e-contents (home based recording) for SWAYAM Prabha TV channels. So far around 700 hrs e-learning contents had been created for the benefit of students. Prior to this Dr. Balaji served as subject matter expert/external Academic consultant to e-VidyaBharati/ ArogyaBharati project of Ministry of External affairs, Government of India in collaboration with National Institute for Smart Governance. 

Course certificate

“30 Marks will be allocated for Internal Assessment and 70 Marks will be allocated for external proctored examination”

There will be weekly graded evaluation. To get a certificate, you have to attempt weekly graded crossword puzzle 30% weight (best 5 out of 15 graded puzzle) and final proctored examination 70% weight. A 40 % pass individually (weekly assessment and proctored examination) is required to receive the certificate.

Best of 5 out of 15 graded quizzes/crossword puzzles will be considered for internal evaluation. The selection of 5 best quizzes will be spread over the entire 15 weeks. We will select 2 best quizzes from Week 1 to 5, another two from Week 6-10 and last one from Week 11-15.

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