Textiles & Quality Analysis

By Dr. A. Sarada Devi   |   English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad (Host University)
Learners enrolled: 762

The Textiles & Quality Analysis course is designed to give a comprehensive overview of  textile fibres, their production, types, characteristics, spinning into yarns, designing, formation of fabrics of different types through weaving and other methods of fabric construction, care of fabrics etc. Textiles & Quality Analysis is very valuable course that deals with the manufacture and spinning of the man-made and synthetic fibres in different ways to suit the enduse of the yarn finally produced. It provides description of fabrics available in the market for consumer identification. Explanation about various methods of fabric construction widen the knowledge of students. The designing process for production of woven and printed designs is captivating. Textile dyeing and printing part of the subject is very fascinating and the students may develop interest in this field to take up self-employment. 

The modules of this course provide understanding of the following aspects:

  • Types of fibres and their preparation and manufacture
  • Identification of fibres
  • Methods of yarn and Fabric construction
  • Differentiating blends, union fabrics 
  • Colouring and surface decoration of textiles  
  • Use of natural dyes for environmental well being
  • Quality checking in Apparel & Textile Industries 
  • Quality testing of textiles and apparel at various stages- fibre, yarn, fabric and garment
  • Quality testing procedures and analytical aspects
  • Better consumers in selection of fabrics for various enduses
  • Discerning counterfeit textiles

Textile and Quality Analysis course is of 15 weeks duration with 5 credits and possess 55 modules with practical video, text, practical illustrations, other learning material, exciting and thought-provoking assignments and self-assessment. The weekly schedules in sequence are provided to make it easy for the student to acquire the knowledge. Students are inspired to put the knowledge into practice from the previous weeks and prepare a presentation of their work as a basic collection portfolio in the form of assignments. 

Rationale for developing this Course:

The textile markets are flooded with many varieties of fabrics. It is difficult for the consumer to differentiate one fabric from the other as sometimes the fabrics look alike but differ in price. When worn as apparel, some fabrics give comfort and others create discomfort. Some fabrics are durable and the others may become unsightly in few washes. Now a days the fabrics are given many functional finishes that broaden its use for many applications. Number of counterfeit textiles that look like pure silk or genuine wool or 100% cotton are abundantly available in the market making more confusion to the consumer. 

To understand a fabric, one needs to have knowledge of fibres from which the fabrics are made, their properties, suitability to intended endues, etc.  this course helps the consumers to distinguish quality in fabrics and provide capability in taking intelligent decisions while buying and comprehend the ideas of what to buy and how to buy. 

Therefore, the knowledge of textiles is imperative to all categories of consumers, students, especially personnel in the apparel and textile industries, entrepreneurs and so on. 

Maintaining Quality in both textiles and apparel is paramount for industries which require skilled personnel. This necessitates knowledge and skill in quality related aspects of both textiles and apparel. Familiarising with the testing equipment and principles involved in testing is important for students to take up careers in industries/ laboratories associated with industries. To those working in the industries it benefits in enhancing their knowledge of quality.       

Objectives and learning outcomes of the course:

  • Develop the basic concepts of textile fibres, their characteristics and enduses. 
  • Be aware of the manufacturing processes of fibres, yarns and fabrics.
  • Develop concepts related to consumer preferences of natural and synthetic textiles.
  • Understand the advancement of weaving and knitting technology.
  • Be able to understand various finishing techniques of fabrics for enhancing the functional properties.
  • Help students to develop design-based concepts of dyeing and printing textiles.
  • Be able to develop Computer Aided Textile Designs.
  • To familiarise with various quality parameters of fabrics for various end uses. 
  • To acquaint with testing methods involved in testing of textiles for various enduses. 
  • Be aware of the utility of different testing methods and principles involved in evaluation of textiles.
  • To familiarise with analytical aspects associated with textiles and apparel.
  • Integrate knowledge, skills, and practices required for careers in textiles and apparel.
  • Enable students to become better consumers of textiles and discern counterfeit textiles.
  • Be confident to pursue further studies in this field. 
  • Pursue careers in the field of textiles / apparel.
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 15 weeks
Start Date : 09 Jan 2023
End Date : 30 Apr 2023
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 15 Mar 2023
Category :
  • Textile Engineering
Credit Points : 5
Level : Undergraduate

Page Visits

Course layout

Week 1:         

  1. Introduction to Textiles– classification and terminology- Part 1
  2. Introduction to Textiles– classification and terminology - Part 2
  3. Cotton – Part 1- History, composition, types, production and physical properties
  4. Cotton – Part 2 - Chemical & Biological Properties and Consumer preferences
  5. Assignments

Week 2:      

  1. Linen – history, composition, properties, production and uses
  2. Wool – history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
  3. Silk– history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
  4. Rayon fibre- history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
  5. Assignments

Week 3:  

  1. Nylon fibre - history, composition, types, properties, production and uses
  2. Polyester- history, composition, types, properties, production and uses, consumer preference, blends and uses
  3. Acrylic fibre - history, composition, types, properties, production and uses 
  4. Identification of Textile Fibres
  5. Assignments

Week 4:    

  1. Methods of spinning – mechanical spinning
  2. Methods of spinning -chemical spinning
  3. Yarns- Part I 
  4. Yarns- Part II
  5. Assignments

Week 5:  

  1. Fabric construction methods  Part 1
  2. Fabric construction methods  Part 2
  3. Introduction to fabric finishes  Part 1
  4. Mechanical Finishes  Part 2
  5. Assignments

Week 6:

  1. Chemical finishes Part 3 
  2. Special purpose finishes  Part 1
  3. Special purpose finishes  Part 2 
  4. Weaving- introduction & Basics of Loom operations
  5. Assignments

Week 7:  

  1. Preparation for weaving -warp preparation process, drafts and peg plans for various weaves
  2. Weaving calculations- weft consumption, loom setting – sectional and peg warping
  3. Shuttle less looms
  4. Fundamental weaves
  5. Assignments 

Week 8:  

  1. Complex weaves – introduction, colour and weave effects 
  2. Knitting – terminology, characteristics
  3. Warp knits – principle, characteristics of warp knits and types 
  4. Types of fabrics & their selection
  5. Assignments 

Week 9:  

  1. Introduction to computer design software CAD
  2. Introduction to dyeing and printing - principles of dyeing;   related terminology; Difference  between dyeing and printing
  3. Types of dyeing- fiber, yarn and fabric
  4. Natural dyes- history, sources, environmental advantages, method of moranting and dyeing
  5. Assignments 

Week 10:  

  1. Styles of dyeing – Resist, discharge
  2. Hand printing – painting, stencil, block, spray 
  3. Machine printing – flat bed and rotary, screen, spray, flock
  4. Advanced methods of printing –Digital printing
  5. Assignments 

Week 11:      

  1. Technical textiles and Smart Textiles 
  2. Major Fabric Faults and Fabric Inspection 
  3. Introduction to textile testing- importance, definition of related terms, sampling methods 
  4. Fibre length and fineness 
  5. Assignments 

Week 12:        

  1. Yarn testing – yarn characteristics and yarn numbering – tex, denier and count, measurement of  twist and crimp  
  2. Fabric testing – geometric properties – fabric count, thickness; fabric weight   
  3. Fabric testing – bow and skewness, moisture content, moisture regain, dimensional stability 
  4. Tensile strength – related terms, stress-strain curves 
  5. Assignments 

Week 13:        

  1. Principles of Tensile Testing 
  2. Fabric testing – Air permeability, Fabric stiffness, Drapability 
  3. Fabric testing – Tear strength, abrasion resistance, pilling 
  4. Importance of colourfastness and tests for colourfastness
  5. Assignments  

Week 14:        

  1. Garment testing – Raw material testing - Preliminary Inspection
  2. Garment testing – In-process Inspection
  3. Garment testing – Final Inspection
  4. Assignments 

Books and references

  1. Corbman, B.P. (1983). TEXTILES: Fiber to Fabric. USA; McGraw-Hill International. 6th Edition.
  2. Joseph, M.L. (1981). Introductory Textile Science. New York: CBS College Publishing, 4th Edition.
  3. Kadolph, S(2009) Textiles, Pearson education India, 10th edition.
  4. Kathryn L Hatch (1993), Textile Science, West Publishing Company.
  5. Hollen and Saddler (1993) Textiles, John Wiley, New York.
  6. Gokarnesan, N. (2004). Fabric Structure and Design. New age International. Delhi.
  7. Anbumani, N (2007) Knitting-Fundamentals, machines, structures and developments, New Age International Ltd. 
  8. Bell P and Miller (1994) Autocad for the apparel Industry, Delmar Publishers, USA. 
  9. Norma Hollen, Jane saddler, 1979, textiles, 5 th edition, Macmillan Publishings.co., inc. New York.
  10. Booth J. E., Principles of Textile Testing 1961, Heywood Books, London.
  11. Sara J Kadolph, Quality Assurance for Textiles and Apparel 2nd Edition, Bloomsbury Publishing, USA.
  12. Pradip V. Mehta , Satish K. Bhardwaj, Managing Quality in the Apparel Industry, New Age International Publications, New Delhi. 
  13. Handbook of Textile Testing and Quality Control by E. B. Grover and D. S. Hamby.

Instructor bio

Dr. A. Sarada Devi

English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad (Host University)

Dr. Anne Sarada Devi is the former Dean of Home Science from Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) and presently working as the ICAR Emeritus Scientist at the College of Home Science, Hyderabad and also serving as an Honorary Member of the All India Handloom Board, Govt of India. She is an outstanding academician and was a rank holder from the University of Madras in Masters in Home Science. She was conferred Ph.D from the Anna University, Chennai. She has contributed to the quality and the growth of ANGRAU with 35 years of service in teaching, research and extension including 11 years of senior level managerial stint and national technical coordinator for Home Science – Textiles and Clothing under ICAR for a plan period. She has also served as Member, Board of Management, ANGRAU from 2008-2011. The following are some glimpses of her contributions to research and special honours she held.


  • She was awarded on competitive basis and led two consortia entitled ‘A value chain in Natural dyes’ as CPI & e-courseware in Home Science as Associate PI with a total funding of Rs 7.82 crores under the World Bank sponsored ICAR’s National Agricultural Innovation projects.



  • Received Best Teacher Award of the University and The State of Andhra Pradesh.
  • As an Expert member for the IV Deans’ Committee of ICAR and a Member of BSMA Task Force, ICAR the course curricula for Home Science Apparel & Textiles was formulated for both undergraduate and Post graduate programmes across all State Agricultural Universities.
  • Served as chairperson for developing e-courses in 5 disciplines of Home Science under UGC through EMMRC, EFLU.
  • As a Chairperson of BSMA Committee of ICAR for Community Science completed the task of  finalisation of curriculum and syllabus of PG and Ph.D syllabus of Community Science for all agricultural Universities.
  • Offered Apparel Designing course and Textile Study twice under SWAYAM.  

Special Honours:

  • Invited by His Excellency the then President of America Mr. George Bush to establish natural dye research in Texas University. 
  • Invited two times by Taiwan Government as expert member for organisation of Cultural and Creative Exposition in Taiwan 2013 and also International Forum on Natural dyes  and WEFT TAIWAN 2014 and International Fashion Show and chairperson for sessions conducted by National Taiwan Craft Research And Development Institute. 
  • Provided consultancy to FAO for establishment of natural dyeing units at Bhutan & UMANG, Raniketh.

Course certificate

30% for in course assessment and 70% for end term proctored exam.

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