This course provides an understanding of the concept and principle of biodiversity science. The course provides detailed information on the values of biodiversity, causes as well as current crisis, and consequences of biodiversity loss. The course provides a conceptual understanding of various means of conservation, restoration and sustainable utilization of biodiversity which can provide viable solutions to a range of societal challenges and provides an effective tool to bridge the knowledge gap for sustainable management of biodiversity. The course also explores the linkages between biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and climate change. The course will also provide insights into current challenges as well as opportunities in the context of various international cooperation and national level programmes and legislative framework for biodiversity conservation and management. The course provides the opportunities for biodiversity mainstreaming by stressing the role of biodiversity in achieving the SDGs.