Selection and Integration of Technology in Educational Processes

By Dr. Ajith Kumar. C   |   Indira Gandhi National Open University
Learners enrolled: 569
The growth and development of technology has impacted the educational processes across the different modes of education such as face to face, open and distance learning (ODL), online education and blended learning. There are various technologies that can be integrated in the educational processes that includes teaching, learning, assessment, management of educational institutions and professional development. Because of that many a times, the stakeholders of education are confused to select an appropriate technologies for teaching-learning. Selection of appropriate technologies requires deeper understanding and knowledge in technology, pedagogy and content or activity going to be performed. This course would help learners to develop an understanding about the technologies available and select an appropriate technologies for various educational purposes.

Course Credit


Course Status : Completed
Course Type :
Duration : 24 weeks
Category :
  • Teacher Education
Credit Points : 6
Level : Diploma
Start Date : 01 Sep 2021
End Date :
Enrollment Ends : 30 Oct 2021
Exam Date :

Page Visits

Course layout




Video Lectures

Block-1 Communication Process


Unit-1 Communication in Educational Processes

Concept of Communication

1.  Concept of Communication

2.  Process of Communication

3.  Types and Barriers of Communication


Educational Communication

4.  Educational Communication

5.  Effective Communication

6.  Netiquettes


Technologies and strategies for Communication

7.  Technologies for Communication I

8.  Technologies for Communication II


Unit 2: Interactivity in Educational Communication

Interactivity in Communication

9.   Interactivity in Communication

10.  Interactivity in Educational Communication

11.  Promoting Interactivity

12.  Managing Interactivity in Technology Enabled Communication


ICT tools for Enhancing Interactivity

13.  Technologies for Interactivity I

14.  Technologies for Interactivity II

Block-2 Selection and Integration of Technology


Unit 3: Selection of Technology

Criteria and Process of Technology Selection

15.  Media and Technology in education

16.  Importance of Technology in Education

17.  Criteria of Technology Selection-Pedagogic Requirements

18.  Criteria of Technology Selection-Technology Requirements

19.  Process of Technology Selection


Approaches to Technology Use and Media Mix

20.  Approaches to Technology Use

21.  Media Mix

22.  Technologies for Media Mix


Unit 4: Using  OER in Teaching-Learning Processes

Open Educational Resources (OERs) in Teaching-Learning

23.  OER-The Concept

24.  Identification and Curation of OERs


Creation and Sharing of OER

25.  Creating OERs

26.  Sharing of OERs

27.  OER Repositories

28.  IPR and Creative Commons License


Evaluation of OER

29.  OER Evaluation


Unit 5: Technology Integration in Teaching-Learning Processes

Technology Integration

30.  Technology Integration-The Concept

31.  Need for Technology Integration


Technology Integration Models I

32.  Technology Integration Models I


Technology Integration Models II

33.  Technology Integration Models II

34.  Technology Integration Matrix (TIM)

35.  Technologies for Integration I

36.  Technologies for Integration II

37.  Technology Initiatives of Govt. of India


Unit 6: Managing Technology Mediated Learning Spaces

Learning Spaces and Technologies

38.  Learning Spaces (LSs) -An Introduction

39.  Designing LSs

40.  Trends in Designing LSs

41.  Technologies for LSs I

42.  Technologies for LSs II


Teachers Role and Management of Learning in Technology Mediated Learning Spaces

43.  Teachers Role in Technology Mediated LSs

44.  Management of LSs

Block-3 Technology for Assessment and Management 


Unit 7: 

Using Technology for Assessment

Assessment and Paradigm Shift

45.  Meaning and Types of Assessment

46.  Paradigm Shift in Assessment


Technology in Assessment ‘for’ Learning

47.  Online Assessment and Technologies I

48.  Online Assessment and Technologies II

49.  Offline Assessment and Technologies


Technologies for Self, Peer and Collaborative Learning

50.  Technologies for Self and Peer Assessment

51.  Technologies for Assessment of Collaborative Learning

52.  Learning Analytics


Unit 8: 

ICT use in Educational Management

ICT for Educational Management

53.  Concept of Management

54.  Importance of Technology in Management 

55.  Technologies for Management of Educational    Institutions

56.  Technologies for Sharing Educational Resources

57.  Technologies for Management of Funds


Technologies for Management of Library, Conference and MIS

58.  Technologies for Management of Library

59.  Technologies for Management of Conferences

60.  Management Information System (MIS) and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

Books and references

Agarwal, J. P. (2013). Modern educational technology. New Delhi: Black Prints.

Angelo, T. A., & Cross, K. P. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bates, A. (1995). Teaching, open learning and distance education. London/New York: Routledge.

Bhatanagar, A.B., & Anurag Bhatanagar.(2016). Educational technology and ICT. R. New Delhi: Lall Publisher Bookman.

Bhavna Shukla . (2018). Features of ICT in education. New Delhi: Agrawal Publications.

Bittner, John R. (1996). Mass Communication, Sixth Edition, Allyn and Bacon 

Boud, D. (1995). Enhancing learning through self-assessment. London: Kogan Page.

Boyer, A., & Bonnin, G. (2016). Higher education and the revolution of learning analytics. Norway: ICDE.

CEMCA. (2014). Quality assurance guidelines for open educational resources: TIPS Framework. Version 

Clow, D. (2013). An overview of learning analytics. Teaching in Higher Education, 18 (6), 683-69.

COL. (2015). Commonwealth Certificate for Teacher ICT Integration (CCTI). Commonwealth of Learning. Retrieved from http://oasis.col.org/bitstream/handle/11599/676/PDF?sequence=5&isAllowed=y

Collins. A., & Halverson, R. (2009). Rethinking education in the age of technology. New York: Teachers College Press.

Commonwealth of Learning. (2015). Understanding 0pen educational resource. COL: Canada.

Conley, D.T. (2014). A new era for educational assessment. Students at the center: Deeper Learning Research Series. Boston, MA: Jobs for the Future.

Dale, E. (1946). Audio-visual methods in teaching. New York: Dryden Press.

Das, R. (2012). Integrating ICT in teaching learning framework in India: Initiatives and challenges. Bahtter college journal of multidisciplinary studies, (2),21-27.

Goel, D. R. (2003). ICT in education: Changes and challenges in ICT in education. Baroda: M. S. University.  

Grabe, M. & Grabe, C. (2005). Integrating technology for meaningful learning (4th Edition). NY: Hougton Mifflin Company.

Gülbahar, Y. (2007). Technology planning: A roadmap to successful technology integration in schools. Computers & Education, 49(4), 943–956.

Harry, Tomlinson. (2004). Educational Management. London: Routledge Falmer, Taylor and Francis Group.

Hendricks, K.B., Singhal, V.R., and Stratman, J.K. (na). The impact of enterprise systems on corporate performance: A study of ERP, SCM, and CRM System Implementations. Journal of Operations Management.Elsevier.

Howland, J.L., Jonassen, D.  & Marra, R.M.  (2012).  Meaningful learning with technology.  Boston:  Pearson Education Inc.

IGNOU. (2009). MES-032: Communication and Information Technology. New Delhi: IGNOU.

IGNOU. (2013). Assessment: Basics Unit 10, Block 3, BES 002: Teaching- Learning and Assessment. New Delhi: IGNOU.

Keyton, J. (2011). Communication and organizational culture: A key to understanding work 

Kirwadkar, A., & Karanam, P. (2010): E-learning methodology. New Delhi: Sarup Book Publishers Pvt Ltd.

Laurillard, D. (2002). Rethinking teaching for the knowledge society. Educause Review, 37(1), 16-25.

Ludlow, R., & Panton, F. (1992). The essence of effective communication. New York: Prentice Hall.

MHRD (2012). National Mission on Education through ICT. MHRD: New Delhi

MHRD. (2016). Major ICT initiatives in School Education. MHRD: New Delhi

Moore, M. G., & Anderson, W. G. (2003). Handbook of distance education. Mahwah, NJ. 

National Council of Educational Research and Training. (2005). NCF 2005- Position paper on education technology. New Delhi: NCERT. 

NCERT. (2012). National Policy on ICT in School Education. NCERT: New Delhi

OECD. (2007). Giving knowledge for free: The emergence of open educational resources. Paris: OECD.

Roblyer, M.D. & Doering, A.H.  (2013).  Integrating educational technology into teaching.  Boston, MA: Pearson.

Roblyer, M.D. (2006). Integrating educational technology into teaching. Pearson Education Inc. 

Romiszowski, A.J. (1988). The selection and use of instructional technology. London: Kogan page.

Stevens, D. D., & Levi, A. J. (2005). Introduction to Rubrics. Sterling, VA: Stylus Press.

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology. (2016). Future ready learning: Reimagining the role of technology in Education. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press.

UNESCO. (2003). Towards policies for integrating information and communication technologies into education. Paris: UNESCO.

Instructor bio

Dr. Ajith Kumar. C

Indira Gandhi National Open University
Dr. Ajith Kumar is  serving as Assistant Professor in the School of Education, IGNOU, New Delhi since 2011. He has completed M.Ed. in Science Education (Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala), M.Sc. Physics & M.Phil. Education (University of Calicut, Kerala),   PGDDE (IGNOU,  New Delhi) and Ph.D. from IASE, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. He started career as Higher Secondary Teacher in Physics, later shifted to Teacher Training and has  more than 16 years of experience in teaching. He has published edited books and more than 50 publications that includes research papers and articles in national and international journals, and units written for ODL institutions. He has presented papers in various seminars and conferences. His areas of interest are educational technology, statistics in research,science education, open and distance learning. He has delivered lectures in national and international seminars and also acted as resource person in various workshops. Also he has contributed video lectures for MOOC programmes,  developed e-content for various courses and delivered more than 70 live lectures through Radio and Television (Gyandarshan).
At present he is the coordinator of Post Graduate Diploma in Educational Technology (PGDET) programme offered by School of Education, IGNOU. 

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