MSD-016: Strategies and Models for Sustainability

By Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman; Dr. Rita Chauhan   |   Indira Gandhi National Open University
Learners enrolled: 811

The major focus of this course is to understand the basic strategies to sustainable development and livelihood improvement. It is being discussed as infrastructure, health and sanitation, value addition and waste utilisation. The basic principles and practices involved in knowledge and technology for sustainable rural development like the principles and applications of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, the India’s Environmental Information System Network etc. are also discussed as effective tools. The course also provides an insight into the basics of Natural Resource Management at micro level like  the need for People Biodiversity Register, the Community Gene-Seed-Grain banks and linking cultural diversity with biodiversity for creating a sustainable natural resource management platform, the concept of village knowledge centre and village resource centre as approaches to sustainable natural resource management and livelihood improvement at grassroot level.

The concept of eco-agriculture and its ecological foundations, the existing eco-friendly agricultural practices like one-straw revolution etc. are also discussed as pathways to sustainable agriculture and food security at individual level. The course provides an insight into existing selected sustainable development models in India as case study with an objective to facilitate the students to critically examine the leading discussions and practices of sustainable development models so as to enable them to participate effectively in decision making at various levels.

Course Credit


Eligibility: Graduate in any discipline
Course Status : Upcoming
Course Type : Not Applicable
Duration : 12 weeks
Start Date : 15 Feb 2021
End Date :
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 30 Jun 2021
Category :
  • Multidisciplinary
Level : Postgraduate

Course layout

Block 1        Strategies for Sustainable Development

Week 1:        Infrastructure Development

Week 2:        Health and Sanitation

Week 3:         Value Addition, Recycling, Reuse and Recovery

Block 2        Knowledge System and Technology for Sustainable Rural Development

Week 4:        Remote Sensing and Environmental Information Systems

Week 5:        Action Plan for NRM (Micro level planning)

Week 6:        Village Knowledge and Resource Centres, Biovillages Toolkit

Block 3        Evergreen Revolution

Week 7:        Green to Evergreen Revolution, Pathways to EGR (cultivation)

Week 8:      Sustainable on-farm and non-farm livelihoods (consumption), Equity and Market linkages (commerce)

Block 4        Models for Sustainability

Week 9:        Models and Sustainable Development

Week 10:      Sustainable Development in Himalaya

Week 11:      Sustainable Integrated Farming System

Week 12:      Cultural landscape based sustainable development model

Books and references


·         Ramakrishnan, P. S. 2008. The Cultural Cradle of Biodiversity. National Book Trust, India.

·         Ramakrishnan, P. S. 2009. Ecology and Sustainable Development: working with Knowledge systems. National Book Trust, India.

·         Jensen, J. R. 1990. Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1990.

·         Joseph, Kurian 2007.Waste Reduction, Reuse and Recycle Initiatives in India. In SolidWaste Management: Issues and Challenges inAsia ©APO 2007, ISBN: 92-833-7058-9

·         Ramakrishnan, P. S. 1992: Shifting Agriculture and Sustainable Development: An Interdisciplinary Study from North-eastern India, UNESCOMAB Series, Paris, Parthenon Publ., Carnforth, Lancs., UK, 424 pp.

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 1996. Sustainable Agriculture: Towards an Evergreen Revolution. Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi, India.

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 1996. Sustainable Agriculture: Towards Food Security. Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi, India

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 1999.ACentury of Hope: Towards an era of harmony with nature and freedom from hunger. Eastwest Books (Madras) Pvt. Ltd.,

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 2002. From Rio de Janeiro to Johannesburg – action today and not just promises for tomorrow. East-West Books (Madras) Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, India.

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 2010. From Green to Evergreen Revolution, Indian Agriculture: Performance and Challenges. Academic Foundation, New Delhi.

·         Wainwright, John and Mulligan, Mark (eds.) 2004. Environmental Modelling- finding simplicity in Complexity. JohnWiley& Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England. REFERENCES

·         Agarwal, Bina 2002.AreWe Not Peasants Too? Land Rights and Women’s Claims in India. Population Council, New York.

·         Bond Gary, 1994. Survey of Developing Country Infrastructure Projects, World Bank, Washington DC.

·         Central Pollution Control Board, (CPCB), 2004.Management of Municipal Solid Waste. Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi, India.

·         Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, 1995. Infrastructure in India, Bombay.

·         Chandavarkar, A. 1994. Infrastructure Finance: Issues, Institutions and Policies, World Bank, Washington DC.

·         Confederation of Indian Industry 1995. Status Paper on Infrastructure, New Delhi.

·         Eichengreen, B. 1994. Financing Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Lessons from the Railway Age, World Bank, Washington DC.

·         Govt. of India 1996. The India Infrastructure Report: Policy Imperatives for Growth and Welfare, Ministry of Finance, New Delhi.

·         Kesavan, P.C and Swaminathan, M. S. 2008. Strategies and models for agricultural sustainability in developing Asian countries. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 363: 877-891

·         Morgan, M. T., 1997. Environmental Health. Brown and Benchmark, Madison, WI.

·         MSSRF 2009. Demonstration and replication of integrated farming systems at Chidambaram.M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai. pp 78

·         Navalgund, Ranganath R., Jayaraman, V. and Roy, P. S. 2007. Remote sensing applications: An overview. Current Science, 93 (12). 25 December.

·         NEPED2006.Adding value to shifting cultivation in Nagaland, India. Nagaland Empowerment of People through Economic Development, Nagaland, India.

·         Ramakrishnan, P. S., Purohit, A. N., Saxena, K. G. and Rao, K. S. 1994. Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development. Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.

·         Rao, K. S. and Saxena, K. G. 1994. Sustainable Development and rehabilitation of degraded village lands in Himalaya. G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Almora

·         Satia, J., Mavalankar, D. and Bhat, R., 2000. Health Insurance in India: Opportunities, Challenges and Concerns. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. November 2000.

·         Scheer, Sara J. and McNeely, Jeffrey A. (edts) 2007. Farming with Nature: The Science and practice of eco-agriculture. Island Press, Washington, D.C.pp.445.

·         Sethi, Vijay, Sethi, Shruti, Deka, B.C. and Meena, Y.R. 2005. Processing of Fruits and Vegetables for Value Addition. ISBN : 8173871809

·         Stenberg, J. 2001. Bridging gaps – sustainable development and local democracy processes. Gothenburg.

·         Swaminathan, M. S. 1968. The age of algeny, genetic destruction of yield barriers and agricultural transformation, Presidential Address, Agricultural Sciences, section, 55th Indian Science Congress, January 1968, Varanasi, India

·         Todorov, V. I. and Marinova, D. 2009. Models of Sustainability. 18th World IMACS/MOSDIM Congress, Cairns, Australia, 13-17 July 2009 (http://mssanz.org.au/modsim09)

·     Toolkit for setting up Rural Knowledge Centres (RKC) As Experienced through the Information Village Research Project and Jamsetji Tata National Virtual Academy (MSSRF/MA/05/25), M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai.

Instructor bio

Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman; Dr. Rita Chauhan

Indira Gandhi National Open University

Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman is Assistant Professor in the School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Studies at IGNOU, New Delhi. His Ph.D. from University of Delhi is on fuel wood issues in mountain regions of India. His recent publication is on sustainability issues of fuel wood in Himalayan regions and North East India. He is the Programme Coordinator, Post Graduate Diploma in Sustainability Science.  He got extensive training as socio-ecologist in an interdisciplinary research team at  SES,  JNU (2001-2005,Under Prof. Brij Gopal) and University of Delhi (2006-2011, Under Prof. K. S. Rao). During his doctoral research period (2008-2011), he has also worked under Prof. M S Swaminathan (Honorary Chair, Chair for Sustainable Development, IGNOU) as Senior Research Fellow. As a Senior Research Fellow in IGNOU, he took key responsibilities for developing different online academic programmes in the area of Sustainability Science. Academic programmes are: Appreciation Programme on Sustainability Science, Leadership Programme of Nutrition Security and Sustainable Development, Leadership Programme on Himalayan Ecosystem, Appreciation Programme on Sustainable Management of Wetlands etc.

Dr. Rita Chauhan is presently Assistant Regional Director (Senior Scale) at IGNOU Regional Centre  since 2011. She did her Post Graduation in Environmental Biology from University of Delhi. She obtained M-Phil degree in Wetland Ecology and management and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in field of Mangrove biogeochemistry from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She was awarded Lectureship in Life Sciences by UGC-CSIR and have received Research fellowship from CSIR for her research pursuit. She has research articles published in various peer-reviewed journals of publishers such as Elsevier, Springer, Wiley-Blackwell, NISCAIR. She has participated at various national as well as international conferences, symposiums, seminars and workshops. She is member of several national and international bodies of learned societies such as IUCN, American Society for Microbiology, American Geophysical Union, Indian Science Congress, Association of Microbiologists of India.

Before joining to IGNOU, Dr. Chauhan have provided scientific and technical consultancy in UNFCC-GEF funded project on National Communication to UNFCCC (Climate Change) at Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). She also has provided policy framework for Coastal Management Zone Regulations, Government of India through World bank funded project on Integrated Coastal Zone Management, MoEF.

Her areas of Interest include Environmental Science, Ecology, Natural Resource Management, Climate Change, Coastal Zone Management, learner Support Services.

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