Food laws and standards

By Dr. Mita Sinhamahapatra   |   Indira Gandhi National Open University
Learners enrolled: 2462
The course has been designed to acquaint with the national and international food laws. The course is meant for all the stakeholders of the food chain i.e. producer, procurer, transporter, processor, distributor, retailer, exporter/importer and regulator. The country took a revolution in Food Safety and Quality with the new scientific based food laws and standards designated as Food Safety and Standard Act 2006 followed by its Rules and Regulations, 2011. The continuous improvement in enforcement and their harmonization with Codex standards have laid the foundations and templates for safe and hygienic food.

The course has four major components: Indian Food Regulatory Regime; Global Scenario; Export and Import Laws and Regulations and Other Laws and Standards Related to Foods.

The Indian Food Regulatory Regime covers the salient features of New Act Food safety and Standard Act, 2006 and its Regulations, 2011. The Global Scenario deals with international standards setting bodies like Codex Alimentarius Commission and WTO implications. The salient features related to Export and Import Laws and regulations; BIS and AGMARK are also covered.
The course is delivered through 40 video lessons in a span of about 12-16 weeks. Every week, learners will have to go through the video lessons. The video lessons are supported by the self learning material. In addition, a number of web links will be provided to support the study materials and to get the updated information. Self assessment questions will be provided after each lesson. Learners have to complete the assignments after going through major sections of study material. 

The course on Food Laws and Standards will help in enhancing the competences in following areas:
  • Salient features of Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006 and its Rules and Regulations.
  • Important features of Codex and its scientific principles and relevance to national standards.
  • Specify the requirements with respect to import/ export of food products.
  • Importance of AGMARK and BIS.
  • Ensure the safety and quality of food products as per mandatory legal requirements and voluntary standards including export regulations if required.
The course shall be useful to those who are working in the food processing industry and who wish to have specialization in the area of food safety and quality management. 

Credit Course: 4
Course Status : Ongoing
Course Type : Core
Duration : 16 weeks
Start Date : 01 Feb 2022
End Date :
Exam Date :
Enrollment Ends : 15 Mar 2022
Category :
  • Agricultural and Food Engineering
Credit Points : 4
Level : Diploma

Page Visits

Course layout

Food Laws and Standards: Layout



Food Science


Food Microbiology


 Basics of Food Safety

Indian Food Regulatory Regime


Repealed Acts and Orders: Prevention of Food Adulteration Act and Rules (PFA)  and  Orders under Essential Commodities Act


Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006:


Food Safety Regulation and Rules  

Regulations: Licensing and Registration of Food Businesses ;Food Products Standards and Food Additives ; Prohibition and Restriction of Sales; Packaging and Labelling;, Contaminants, Toxins and Residues; Laboratory and Sampling Analysis; Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Food for Special Dietary Use, Food for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Food and Novel Food; Food Recall Procedure; Import; Approval for Non-Specific Food and Food Ingredients; Organic Food; Alcoholic Beverages; Fortification of Food, Food Safety Auditing; Recognition and Notification of Laboratories; Advertising and Claims; Packaging; Recovery and Distribution of Surplus food; Recruitment and Appointment; Food Safety and Standards Rules.


 Sanitary and Hygienic requirements: Part I -  Petty Food Business Operators; Part –II General Requirements for Food Business Operators, Part –III Milk and Milk products; Part- IV Meat and meat Products, Part- V : Catering


Food Safety Guidelines during COVID 19:


Food Safety and Management System:  Guidance Documents of FSSAI


Food Testing: Methods of Analysis of various Products


Other Initiatives of FSSAI : Training-FoSTaC, Safe and Nutritious  Food ( SNF), Testing, online platforms, and other activities related to awareness and training 

Global Scenario


Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC): Structure of Codex, Scientific Basis, Harmonization of National Standard with Codex


WTO Implications: SPS and TBT agreement


Other International Standard Setting Bodies: ISO, OIE, IPPC, AOAC, ASTM, EU and USFDA

Food Safety and Quality Requirements: HACCP, ISO 22000, GFSI and BRC

National Agencies for Implementation of International Food Laws and Standards

Export and Import Laws and Regulations


Foreign Trade Policy


Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963, Export Inspection Council


Export Promotional Bodies: APEDA, MPEDA,CEPC


Plant and Animal Quarantine


Customs Act and Import Control Regulations

Other Laws and Standards Related to Foods


 Legal Metrology Act, 2019


Voluntary National Standards: BIS and AGMARK


Other Laws Related to Food Products:   Consumer Protection Act, Environment Protection Act,

Books and references

Instructor bio

Dr. Mita Sinhamahapatra

Indira Gandhi National Open University
Dr. Mita Sinhamahapatra obtained her Masters in Veterinary Sciences Degree and Ph. D in Animal Products Technology and Marketing from West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences. She received University Merit Scholarship at Bachelor, Masters and Ph. D level. She had worked as Senior Research Associate in WBUAFS for 2 years in the AICRP project. She has been working in IGNOU as Assistant Professor for last 13 years and teaching courses in Undergraduate and Post graduate level. She is coordinating the following academic programmes: i. Diploma in Meat Technology (DMT) ii. PG Diploma in Food Science and Technology (PGDFT) iii. Diploma in Animal Husbandry (DAH) iv. PG Certificate in Gender, Agriculture and Sustainability Development (PGCGASD) (jointly with Dr. G. Uma, SOGDS, IGNOU). Her areas of interest include Livestock Products Technology, Meat Science, Animal Husbandry, and Food Processing and Food Safety. She is associated with the project on “Creation of infrastructural facilities for running PG Diploma in Food Science and Technology” under the Scheme for Human Resource Development of Ministry of Food Processing Industries, GoI. She has also been associated with Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for harmonization of Food Standards and conducting FOSTAC training programmes. She has conducted training programmes for meat and poultry processing sectors, food safety officers and supervisors and poultry farmers.

Course certificate

The passing criteria for this course is  as follows:
(a) Final Examination: 70% in the Final Examination
(b) Internal Assessment: 30% :
The weightage  to Internal Assessment is 30% and shall be calculated from the Assignment Quizzes. The highest 10 assignment quizzes marks will be considered.
Passing Criteria: 50% in Final Examination, Internal assessment and Overa
ll . 

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