MSD-017: Challenges to Sustainable Development

By Dr. Deeksha Dave; Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman   |   Indira Gandhi National Open University
Learners enrolled: 247
The Course “Challenges to Sustainable Development” provides an overview of the challenges faced by the world in achieving sustainable development. It stresses the importance of balancing the social, environmental and economic cost of development not only for the present but also for the future generations. We have witnessed the socio-cultural and ecological impacts of conventional model of development which makes it essential to seek alternative means.

 The course intends to provide a forum for examining the developmental models of the world. The upcoming challenges of climate change, environmental pollution, biological threats and importance of good health and sanitation have been elaborately discussed. The course will be useful for the learners who are interested in the knowing more about the challenges posed by massive economic growth, reckless development, unplanned strategies and over utilization of natural resources. The objective of the course is to facilitate the students to critically examine the leading discussions and practices of development so as to enable them to participate effectively in decision making at various levels.

Course Credit: 4
Eligibility: Graduate in any discipline 
Course Status : Completed
Course Type : Not Applicable
Duration : 12 weeks
Category :
  • Multidisciplinary
Credit Points : 4
Level : Postgraduate
Start Date : 01 Feb 2022
End Date :
Enrollment Ends : 15 Mar 2022
Exam Date :

Page Visits

Course layout

Block 1        Climate Change

Week 1        Introduction to the science of climate change

Week 2         Climate change and natural resources system

Week 3         Human dimensions of climate change,

Week 4         Adaptation and Mitigation

Block 2        Global Environmental Issues

Week 5         Overpopulation and resource depletion

                   Energy Crisis

Week 6         Urbanisation

                   Pollution and waste generation

Block 3        Health, Nutrition and Environment

Week 7        Environment and health

                   Health and Sanitation

Week 8        Health Hazard

Week 9         Nutrition

Block 4        Threats

Week 10       Land Degradation


Week 11      Disasters

  Week 12      Biopiracy

Books and references


  • Alexander, D. (2018). Natural disasters. Routledge.

  • Chakrabarty, K., & Chakrabarty, A. S. (2019). Textbook of Nutrition in Health and Disease. Springer Nature.

  • Harper, C., & Snowden, M. (2017). Environment and society: Human perspectives on environmental issues. Taylor & Francis.

  • Middleton, N. (2013). The global casino: An introduction to environmental issues: An introduction to environmental issues. Routledge.


  • Bobrowsky, P. T. (Ed.). (2013). Encyclopedia of natural hazards (Vol. 1135). Dordrecht: Springer.

  • Dave, D. (2009). Biological pollution: An upcoming global threat. TERI Information Digest on Energy and Environment, 8(1), 19-33.

  • Hoornweg, D., &Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a waste: a global review of solid waste management.

  • Mukherjee, T. (2020). Documentation and Protection of Traditional Knowledge. In Medicinal Plants: Biodiversity, Sustainable Utilization and Conservation (pp. 135-142). Springer, Singapore.

  • Pathak, B. (2015). Environmental Sanitation and Eradication of Scavenging in India. Motilal Banarsidass.

  • Selendy, J. M. (Ed.). (2019). Water and Sanitation-related Diseases and the Changing Environment: Challenges, Interventions, and Preventive Measures. John Wiley & Sons.

  • You, S., Sonne, C., & Ok, Y. S. (2020). COVID-19's unsustainable waste management. Science, 368(6498), 1438.

Instructor bio

Dr. Deeksha Dave; Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman

Indira Gandhi National Open University

Dr. Deeksha Dave is working as Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies, School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Studies, IGNOU.  She is M.Sc. (Gold Medalist) and Ph.D. Environmental Sciences from M. L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur.  She is also M.A. in Distance Education from IGNOU, New Delhi.

She has a rich experience of more than 15 years of teaching and research in Environmental Studies. She has authored several textbooks on Environmental Studies published by repute publishers. To her credit are several book chapters, research papers and articles in various journals and magazines. She has also participated and presented her research work in several national and international seminars and conferences. She was awarded for the Best Oral Presentation Award at the International Conference on Eco-friendly and Socially Responsible Economy and Equity: Issues and Challenges of 21st century for Emergent Sustainable Development amongst SAARC Countries organized by Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur and University of Mumbai, Mumbai in 2017. She is also the recipient of COL (Commonwealth Of Learning) fellowship for participation at 31st Conference on “Open University for Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education” held at Yogyakarta, Indonesia in 2017. She is invited as a speaker in various conferences, seminars and workshops. She is the life member of various Professional Bodies like National Environmental Science Academy and Society of Ethnobotanists.

At IGNOU, she is co-ordinating important programmes like Course on Population and Sustainable Development, Certificate in Solid Waste Management and M.Sc. Environmental Sciences. She is also associated with courses on Sustainability Science. Her area of research includes waste management, ecology and sustainability education.

Dr. Y.S.C. Khuman is Assistant Professor in the School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Studies at IGNOU, New Delhi. His Ph.D. from University of Delhi is on fuel wood issues in mountain regions of India. His recent publication is on sustainability issues of fuel wood in Himalayan regions and North East India.. He is the Programme Coordinator, Post Graduate Diploma in Sustainability Science. 

He got extensive training as a socio-ecologist in interdisciplinary research team at  SES,  JNU (2001-2005,Under Prof. Brij Gopal) and University of Delhi (2006-2011, Under Prof. K. S. Rao). During his doctoral research period (2008-2011), he has also worked under Prof. M S Swaminathan (Honorary Chair, Chair for Sustainable Development, IGNOU) as Senior Research Fellow. As a Senior Research Fellow in IGNOU, he took key responsibilities for developing different online academic programmes in the area of Sustainability Science. Academic programmes are: Appreciation Programme on Sustainability Science, Leadership Programme of Nutrition Security and Sustainable Development, Leadership Programme on Himalayan Ecosystem, Appreciation Programme on Sustainable Management of Wetlands etc.

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