The course "Environmental Sociology" aims to provide the students with a comprehensive conceptual, theoretical and empirical background to the interaction between social and natural world, by way of highlighting issues related to environment, sustainable development and resource governance. While enhancing the academic abilities of the students, the course intends to prepare them for further research in the broad area of environment and natural resource governance from a sociological perspective. The course aims to explore the relationship between human society and the larger natural environment. It is now acknowledged that environmental issues are inevitably social issues, and these can be understood by an examination of their social roots. The course therefore attempts to understand the social roots of environmental problems, and social responses to these problems. Besides, it examines the emergence of the concept of sustainable development, environmental conflicts and movements, and various approaches to resource use as varied responses to environmental risks.While attempting to understand the relationship between social world and natural world, it explores important theoretical perspectives like Ecological Modernisation, Treadmill of Production, Risk Society Thesis and Eco-philosophies.